Podcasts de historia

Manchester Observer

Manchester Observer

los Manchester Observer fue formado en enero de 1818 por un grupo de radicales que incluía a John Knight, James Wroe y John Saxton. En doce meses, el periódico vendía 4.000 copias a la semana. Se ha argumentado que el periódico fue pionero en el periodismo popular con su estilo picante dirigido a una clase trabajadora alfabetizada.

Aunque el periódico comenzó como un periódico local, en 1819 se vendió en la mayoría de las grandes ciudades y pueblos de Gran Bretaña. Henry Hunt llamó al Manchester Observer "El único periódico de Inglaterra que conozco, dedicado de manera justa y honesta a una reforma que le otorgue a la gente todos sus derechos".

A pesar de sus cifras de ventas, el Manchester Observer siempre estuvo en dificultades financieras. Los propietarios tuvieron problemas para persuadir a las empresas locales de que anunciaran sus productos en el periódico. La mayoría de las semanas, los anuncios formaban solo una de sus veinticuatro columnas.

Los periodistas que trabajaban para el periódico eran constantemente demandados por difamación. Varios de sus periodistas, incluidos John Wroe, John Saxton y T. J. Evans, habían sido enviados a prisión por artículos que habían escrito criticando al gobierno.

En marzo de 1819, tres de los hombres involucrados en el Manchester Observer, Joseph Johnson, John Knight y James Wroe formaron la Patriotic Union Society. Todos los principales radicales de Manchester se unieron a la organización. Johnson fue nombrado secretario de la Sociedad y Wroe se convirtió en tesorero. El principal objetivo de la Patriotic Union Society era lograr la reforma parlamentaria y durante el verano de 1819 decidió invitar a Henry Orator Hunt a hablar en una reunión pública en Manchester. A los hombres se les dijo que esto iba a ser "una reunión del condado de Lancashire, que sólo de Manchester. Creo que con una buena gestión se puede conseguir la asamblea más grande que se haya visto en este país".

James Wroe, editor de la Manchester Observer, estuvo en St. Peter's Field y describió el ataque a la multitud en la próxima edición del periódico y se cree que es la primera persona en describir el incidente como la Masacre de Peterloo. Wroe también produjo una serie de folletos titulados La masacre de Peterloo: una narrativa fiel de los acontecimientos. Los folletos, que aparecieron durante catorce semanas consecutivas a partir del 28 de agosto, tuvieron un precio de dos peniques, tuvieron una gran circulación y jugaron un papel importante en la guerra propagandística contra las autoridades. El gobierno quería venganza y James Wroe fue arrestado y acusado de producir una publicación sediciosa. Fue declarado culpable y condenado a doce meses de prisión, más una multa de 100 libras esterlinas.

Con la llegada del Manchester Guardian en 1821 el Manchester Observer decidió dejar de publicar. En su última edición, el editor escribió: "Sugeriría respetuosamente que el Manchester Guardian, que combina principios de total independencia y apego celoso a la causa de la reforma, con una gestión activa y enérgica, es un diario digno de su confianza y apoyo en todos los sentidos ".

La mañana del 16 fue aclamada con júbilo por muchos miles, cuyos sentimientos se emocionaron poderosamente en la ocasión. En un período temprano llegaron números de varias y lejanas partes del país, para presenciar la mayor y más gratificante reunión de británicos, que se haya registrado en las publicaciones anuales de nuestra historia. De Bolton, Oldham, Stockport, Middleton y todo el país circundante; de las ciudades más distantes de Leeds, Sheffield, etc. llegaron miles de devotos dispuestos al santuario de la sagrada libertad; y en el período en que el patriótico Sr. Hunt y sus amigos tomaron su puesto en las visitas, se supone que no menos de 150.000 personas se congregaron en el área cercana a la iglesia de San Pedro.

El Sr. Hunt ascendió a las reuniones alrededor de la una y media, y después de algunos arreglos preliminares, procedió a dirigirse a la inmensa multitud, recomendando la paz y el orden para su gobierno. Mientras nos ocupamos de esta manera, y sin que ocurriera o pudiera ocurrir la sombra del desorden, nos sorprendió, aunque no nos alarmó, percibir que una columna de infantería tomaba posesión de una abertura en la asamblea.

Nuestros temores se hicieron horrorizados por la aparición de la Caballería Yeomanry de Manchester y Salford, que llegó al galope al área y procedió a formar una línea lista para la acción; Tampoco se demoraron mucho en su propósito infernal: se llamó a los agentes especiales de sus estaciones anteriores, la corneta hizo sonar la acusación, y se produjo una escena de asesinato y matanza que la posteridad dudará en creer y que transmitirá a los autores y cómplices de esta horrible y sangrienta tragedia para el mundo asombrado. Hombres, mujeres y niños, sin distinción de edad o sexo, se convirtieron en víctimas de estos monstruos.

La gente de la multitud era tan compacta y se mantenía tan firme que no podían llegar a las reuniones sin detenerse. Pocos, si es que hubo alguno en la reunión, incluso todavía, supusieron que esta demostración marcial estaba destinada a algo más que asegurar a Hunt, Johnson, Knight y Moorhouse, para quienes tenían órdenes judiciales. Se pidió al señor Hunt que se entregara, lo que se ofreció a hacer a un magistrado, pero no a la caballería de Manchester. Un caballero de la comisión se presentó, y el señor Hunt reconoció su autoridad y partió hacia la cita de los magistrados; adonde fueron llevados el Sr. Johnson y el Sr. Saxton, y desde allí conducidos, junto con el Sr. Hunt a la prisión de New Bayley; El Sr. Knight escapó, pero luego fue arrestado en su propia casa y el Sr. Moorhouse fue detenido poco después en el Flying Horse Inn.

Es imposible para nosotros determinar el alcance de la pérdida de vidas y miembros que ha sido ocasionada de manera desenfrenada e inhumanamente: la gente volaba en todas direcciones para evitar a estos asesinos descabellados, que fueron apoyados por destacamentos del XV de Húsares. Este último, sin embargo, no se ocupó de las muertes y las heridas con la misma mano liberal que nuestros ciudadanos.


Bibliotecas Periódicos históricos

Tenemos una amplia gama de periódicos de Manchester en microfilm en la planta baja de la Biblioteca Central, incluido el Manchester Evening News. Esta lista muestra qué títulos se pueden encontrar en cada uno de los gabinetes. No se requiere reserva previa para la mayoría de estos, pero tenga en cuenta que algunos títulos se guardan en las salas fuertes y, por lo tanto, deben reservarse con anticipación.

Gabinete de periódicos 1 a menos que se indique lo contrario:

Anunciante (cubre Prestwich, Whitefield, Radcliffe, Crumpsall y Cheetham Hill), 1992 a 1997
The Alliance Weekly News, 1854 a 1870 (reservar con anticipación)
Anderton & # 39s Universal Advertiser 1762 a 1789 (varios MF 689: gabinetes 8-9)
Circular contra la ley del maíz, 1839 a 1841
Area News, 1995, 1997 a 1999
Ashton Reporter, 1855 a 1997 (reservar con antelación)
Aston & # 39s Exchange Herald, 1809 a 1826
Bolton News, 2007 hasta el presente (disponible en NewsBank)
Britannia, 1834 a 1836
Anunciante de Britannia para Liverpool o Manchester, 11 de enero de 1837, diciembre de 1838
Trabajador británico, del 5 al 17 de mayo de 1926
Bury Times, 2007 hasta el presente (disponible en NewsBank)
City Life, 1984 a 1990 (reservar con antelación)
Comus o Momus, 1877 a 1882 (reservar con antelación desde 1877 hasta marzo de 1880)
Cotton Factory Times, 1885 a 1937 (reservar con antelación)
Cowdroy & # 39s Manchester Gazette, 1796 a 1829
Daily War Telegraph and General Advertiser, 21 de octubre a diciembre de 1854, 2 de abril de 1855
Didsbury y Withington Observer, 21 de mayo de 1914
Diario Droylsden, 1854 a 1855
Reportero de East Manchester, 1976 a 1980, 1991 a 1997
Lanza libre, 1866 a 1880
Reportero de Gorton, 1873 a 1970
Hulme Advertiser, Chorlton-on-Medlock y Stretford Observer, 21 de mayo de 1870 al 6 de mayo de 1871
Lancashire Journal con la historia de la Santa Biblia, octubre de 1735 al 16 de marzo de 1740
Ecos de Levenshulme, 1893
Últimas noticias, 1882
Gaceta de Manchester y Salford, 1873 a 1874
Publicista de Manchester y Salford, 1825 a 1848
Manchester Chronicle, 30 de noviembre de 1917 a diciembre de 1950
Manchester City News, 1864 a 1958 (gabinetes de periódicos 1-2)

Gabinete de periódicos 3 a menos que se indique lo contrario:

Manchester Courier, 1825 a 1916 (gabinetes de periódicos 2-3)
Manchester Daily Telegraph y anunciante de los condados del norte, de mayo a agosto, de septiembre a noviembre de 1855
Anunciante de Manchester, Liverpool y los condados del norte, de mayo a octubre de 1873
Crónica de las elecciones de Manchester, del 23 al 28 de marzo de 1857
Manchester Evening Chronicle, 1897 a 1963 (gabinetes de periódicos 3-4)

Gabinete de periódicos 4 a menos que se indique lo contrario:

Correo vespertino de Manchester, 1876 a 1915
Manchester Evening News, 1868 hasta Current (gabinete de periódicos 8-16)
Manchester Evening News Sports Pinks, julio de 1971 a agosto de 1998 más ediciones especiales (gabinete 15)
Manchester Examiner, 1846 a 1894
Manchester Express, de enero a junio de 1847
Manchester Free Gazette, 1913 a 1932 (reservar con antelación)
Manchester Free Press y anunciante de los condados del norte, 6 de octubre de 1894
Manchester Gazette y publicista general, 1881
Manchester Halfpenny Express, 13 de junio de 1855

Gabinete de periódicos 5 a menos que se indique lo contrario:


Manchester Herald, 1792 a 1793, 1834, 1836, 1843 (reservar por adelantado para 1792 a 1793)
Manchester Iris, 1822 a 1823
Revista de Manchester, 1737 a 1760
Manchester Mercury, 1752 a 1830 (otros años disponibles en el Archivo de Periódicos Británicos)
Noticias del metro de Manchester, 1991 a 2000
Manchester Observer, 1818 a 1821
Programa de Manchester, 1872
Manchester Shipping Telegraph y Daily Commercial Advertiser, 13 de julio a diciembre de 1897
Lista de la Bolsa de Valores de Manchester, 1921 a 1935, 1963 a 1974
Manchester Telegraph and Weekly Universal Advertiser, del 19 de julio al 16 de agosto de 1803
Manchester Times, 1828 a 1848 (incompleto)
Manchester Times y Stretford Chronicle, 27 de diciembre de 1825
Anunciante semanal de Manchester, 1854 a 1860
Manchester Weekly Express and Guardian, 1860 a 1861 (reservar con antelación)
Manchester Weekly Journal, 1724 a 1725 (varios MF 146: gabinetes 8-9)
Anunciante general y semanal de Manchester, del 8 de mayo al 12 de junio de 1880
Publicación semanal de Manchester, 1875 a 1887
Manchester Weekly Times, 1861 a 1922
Suplemento del Manchester Weekly Times, 1862 a 1900
Middleton y North Manchester Guardian, 1992 a 1999

Gabinete de periódicos 6 a menos que se indique lo contrario:

Morning Chronicle de 1823 a 1845 (reservar con antelación)
Morning News, 14 de septiembre a diciembre de 1882
Noticias del distrito de Moss Side 17 de mayo de 1895, 24 de abril, 1,15 de mayo, 18 de septiembre de 1897
Revista semanal de Moss Side y anunciante del distrito 8 de julio, 9 de septiembre, 4 de noviembre de 1904
Moston, Middleton y Blackley Guardian 1977 a 1980 (gabinete de periódicos 5-6)
Moston, Middleton, Blackley y Crumpsall Express 1992 a 1999
Atleta del Norte, 5 de abril de 1882
Northern Express, 1901 a 1902
Northern Express y Lancashire Daily Post, 1 de diciembre de 1821
Northenden News, mayo a septiembre de 1902
Prescott & # 39s Manchester Journal, 1772 a 1781
Prestwich y Whitefield Guide, 30 de julio de 2007 hasta el presente (disponible en NewsBank)
Crónica del sur de Manchester, 1889 a 1894
South Manchester Express / Anunciante, 1992 a 2000
Gaceta del sur de Manchester, 1885 a 1888
Reportero de South Manchester, 1993, 1997 a 2011
War Express y Daily Advertiser - Manchester Express y Daily Adv, 24 de octubre de 1854, 8 de enero de 1855
Wardle & # 39s Manchester Observer, del 5 de junio al 3 de julio de 1819
Wardle & # 39s Manchester Observer o registro literario y político 10, 17 de julio de 1819
Despacho semanal de 1804 a 1928 (reservar con antelación para 1839 a 1928)
Wheelers Manchester Chronicle, 1781 a 1842
Whitworth & # 39s Manchester Magazine, 20 de diciembre de 1737 a 1760
Wythenshawe Recorder Express, 1946 a 1979
Wythenshawe World, 1980 a 1999 (reservar con antelación)

Publicaciones periódicas locales

También contamos con una amplia gama de publicaciones periódicas y revistas locales, que se enumeran en nuestro catálogo de la biblioteca.


Manchester Times

Circula por Manchester, Salford, Rochdale, Bolton, Bury, Stockport, Congleton, Macclesfield, Ashton-under-Lyne, Oldham, Wigan, Warrington, Preston, Chorley, Blackburn, Burnley, Halifax, etc. Aboga por la reforma, la reducción, la paz, el libre comercio considera las leyes del maíz perjudiciales para el comercio, sin ser de ningún beneficio: lucha por la igualación de los aranceles del azúcar y el café. No es el órgano de ninguna secta, pero es el defensor de la libertad religiosa y se opone a todas las donaciones con fines religiosos. Ha abogado por la abolición de la esclavitud, la emancipación católica romana, leyes de pobreza para Irlanda, leyes de pobreza más liberales para Escocia, el establecimiento, sobre principios voluntarios, de escuelas explicativas y escuelas para infantes, reforma de antiguas instituciones educativas, mejoras sanitarias, etc. La Anti-Corn Law League siempre ha tenido en esta revista un partidario firme y constante, y su valor para ese organismo no puede ser sobrevalorado. El editor político, Sr. A. Prentice, es uno de los selectos grupos de los que emanó el gran movimiento (Mitchell, 1846).

Se publicó un suplemento titulado Manchester Literary Times (q.v.), núms. 1-36 (12 de febrero de 1848 a 28 de octubre de 1848).

El periódico "criticaba a los gobiernos aristocráticos egoístas por la angustia de la nación:" ... cuando existen leyes para duplicar el precio de sus alimentos, reducir sus salarios excluyendo el producto de su trabajo de los mercados extranjeros y llevar a cabo sus -Ahorro ganado en impuestos sobre casi todo lo necesario para la vida, no es menos inhumano negarles, cuando se requiere, una porción de esa abundancia que ha sido producida por su trabajo '”(Barker p. 199).

"Se unió a la causa" de la reforma parlamentaria y se opuso consistentemente a la Ley del Maíz (Barker, p.207, 219). Prentice estaba en contra del cartismo. Su programa, esbozado en 1839, era "parlamentos trienales de libre comercio (y especialmente la derogación de las leyes del maíz), con un tercio de los miembros elegidos anualmente, votación secreta, una redistribución de escaños y un sufragio basado en una prueba de educación". (Cranfield, p. 197).

"En 1835, el joven Richard Cobden escribió una serie de cartas al Manchester Times instando a que la ciudad solicitara el autogobierno local. El grado en que la prensa fue utilizada cada vez más por grupos políticos y económicos importantes fue un testimonio de su comprensión de que presentó una forma eficaz de transmitir un mensaje. El Manchester Times de Prentice nunca prosperó porque era demasiado pedagógico al tratar de liderar "(Black, p. 173).

"La política del Manchester Times era demasiado avanzada para atraer a los lectores habituales de muchos de los fabricantes de Manchester. Preferían el enfoque más cauteloso del Manchester Guardian. Además, los modales de Prentice eran demasiado pedagógicos para atraer a muchos lectores. quinto aniversario de su entrada en el periodismo local expresó la esperanza de que aquellos lectores que lo habían seguido 'con algo del apego personal de una congregación a su cariñoso pastor'. Cuando se dirigía a las clases trabajadoras, el tono de Prentice a menudo se volvía decididamente condescendiente. "Hemos demostrado con respecto a muchos temas", escribió en la Manchester Gazette en 1825, "que nos preocupamos por el bienestar de las clases trabajadoras. la aplicación de las leyes del sábado, confiamos en que verán que estamos impulsados ​​por el mismo celo amistoso por su bien. Deseamos verlos destetados de los cursos que, en muchos casos, conducen a la cárcel y a la horca '"( Donald Read, Prensa y Gente).

Fuente: The Waterloo Directory of English Newspapers and Periodicals: 1800-1900.

Para este periódico, tenemos los siguientes títulos en, o planeados para, nuestro archivo digital:

  • 1828–29 The Manchester Times
  • 1831-1848 The Manchester Times and Gazette
  • 1849–55 Manchester Examiner and Times
  • 1856–57 Manchester Weekly Examiner & Times
  • 1857-1900 Manchester Weekly Times y examinador

Este periódico es publicado por una editorial desconocida en Manchester, Lancashire, Inglaterra. Se digitalizó y se puso a disposición por primera vez en el British Newspaper Archive en 8 de noviembre de 2011 . Los últimos números se agregaron en 30 de septiembre de 2020 .


El observador

Nuestros editores revisarán lo que ha enviado y determinarán si deben revisar el artículo.

El observador, Periódico dominical establecido en 1791, el primer periódico dominical publicado en Gran Bretaña. Es uno de los periódicos de calidad de Inglaterra, conocido desde hace mucho tiempo por su énfasis en la cobertura extranjera. El periódico dedica un amplio espacio a las artes, el gobierno, la educación y la política, y tiene una reputación mundial de periodismo responsable. El observador es considerado por otros editores como uno de los mejores artículos del mundo. Durante muchos años ha mantenido una plantilla considerable de corresponsales extranjeros que suministran noticias y artículos de fondo para los lectores generalmente bien educados del periódico, incluida una gran audiencia internacional. El observador pasó brevemente de la propiedad británica en 1976, cuando se vendió a un conglomerado estadounidense, Atlantic Richfield Company. En 1981 volvió a manos británicas cuando un industrial, Roland Rowland, compró el control. El observador fue comprado en 1993 por Guardian Media Group, del cual El guardián El periódico también forma parte.

Este artículo fue revisado y actualizado más recientemente por Adam Augustyn, editor gerente, contenido de referencia.


The Manchester Observer: biografía de un periódico radical



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Transcripción

Cuenta de Manchester Observer de Peterloo, 21 de agosto de 1819

Han transcurrido cuatro días desde el trágico suceso, nos parece demasiado corto el tiempo para registrar con exactitud las transacciones en general, un mes sería insuficiente para detallar todos los casos individuales y verdaderamente deplorables que se han comunicado a nuestra oficina.

Para información de quienes no leen habitualmente al Observador, puede ser necesario señalar, que para que la Junta sea perfectamente legal, una que ni siquiera los propios magistrados podrían considerar otra, la Junta que debía tener que tuvo lugar el lunes anterior fue renunciado, y otro anunciado para el lunes pasado, libre de la objeción que se suponía que existía en la primera convocatoria.

La mañana fue sumamente hermosa y bien calculada para producir la asistencia de una inmensa asamblea. Tan temprano como las diez en punto todo estaba en movimiento, y todos con la expectativa de una reunión pacífica ni creemos, que una persona de cada diez mil, anticipó el menor daño de los reformadores porque pocas tiendas, si es que alguna, estaban cerradas. .

La asamblea fue sin duda muy imponente, pero cuando se ordenó el silencio, mientras se tomaba la resolución de nombrar al señor Hunt para la presidencia, la población fue respondida por la exhibición de los sables de sus habitantes. Incluso esta demostración de hostilidad no despertó ninguna alarma, los espectadores concibieron que sólo estaban dispuestos a reprimir y conmoción que podría ocurra, sin soñar nunca que los protectores legales de la paz pública serían los primeros ilegalmente en romperla. >

Antes de relatar el ataque más lascivo, cobarde y sangriento, realizado por la Caballería de Yeomanry de Manchester y Salford, y otros, rogamos que nos dejen divagar, a fin de exponer algunas transacciones que tuvieron lugar en la casa del señor Buxton.

Los magistrados, con varios caballeros de la ciudad, estaban aquí en consulta, y la opinión de los magistrados estaba dividida en cuanto al modo apropiado de proceder. Esta dificultad, sin embargo, pronto fue superada por 30 civiles, señores residentes de Manchester, que se ofrecieron voluntariamente a prestar juramento de que pensaban que la paz de la ciudad estaba en peligro.

Los magistrados no habrían actuado, y aparentemente no se atrevieron a actuar, sin esta prenda legal de telaraña para cubrir su desnudez.

Tan pronto como estos treinta juraron y firmaron el Carta Magna de Manchester, entonces se pidió al Boroughreeve que montara su caballo y liderara a los agentes especiales.

Pocos, si es que alguno de los miembros de la Reunión, incluso todavía, suponía que esta demostración marcial estaba destinada a algo más que asegurar al Sr. Hunt.

Se pidió al señor Hunt que se entregara, lo que se ofreció a hacer a un magistrado. Tan pronto como el señor Hunt estuvo asegurado, siguió una escena tan verdaderamente sangrienta y horrible, que ninguna pluma o lengua podría pintar en sus verdaderos colores.

Sin leer la Ley antidisturbios, que ese despreciable adulador, el señor Aston, tiene el descarado descaro de afirmar, fue leída y # 8211 sin el aviso habitual para dispersarse, se lanzaron sobre esta multitud pacífica e indefensa. Un chillido terrible rasgó el aire.

Si los militares solo hubieran atacado a hombres robustos, solo hubieran herido a aquellos que les habían ofendido, y mucho menos la infamia hubiera sido su suerte. Pero es notorio que algunos de nuestros caballeros no solo golpearon con mayor rapidez sino con más fuerza a los más indefensos. Las mujeres parecían ser los objetos especiales de la furia de estos soldados bastardos.

Parece haber cinco o seis muertos & # 8211 tantos heridos de muerte y no menos de 300 heridos. La trágica relación se ve muy acentuada por la convicción universal de que toda la sangre que se ha derramado, se ha derramado de la manera más desenfrenada e innecesaria.

¿Se le dirá a la gente cuando pida pan, que sólo tendrá una bala o un sable? O si piden libertad constitucional, ¿serán encarcelados? Sí, todo esto si algunos hombres deben gobernar.


Análisis general de la liga

En mi opinión, cualquier tipo de información sobre cómo les fue a nuestros entrenadores necesita la perspectiva de cuán fuerte o débil fue la liga esa temporada. Sin ese matiz, una imagen general no sirve de mucho.

Aquí hay algunas métricas básicas de las últimas 8 temporadas: -

  1. Curiosamente (o quizás sin interés) los puntos promedio de la liga han sido bastante consistentes. Entonces no ayudan tanto como los otros números. Destacan las temporadas 15-16 y 18-19. Claramente, el año en que Leicester ganó el título, la calidad de la liga fue mala. Del mismo modo, la brillante carrera por el título de City y Liverpool de 18-19 sesga el promedio a su punto más alto en nuestros datos.
  2. A primera vista, el promedio indica que no hubo mucha diferencia entre estas temporadas en términos de fuerza de la liga. Quizás la desviación estándar nos diga lo que el promedio no puede. El SD ​​destaca cuán volátiles fueron los puntos adquiridos. Dejo esto abierto a la interpretación, sin embargo, en mi opinión, un SD bajo probablemente debería correlacionarse con una liga más competitiva. Eso sí, una liga también puede ser pobre y competitiva (me viene a la mente 15-16).
  3. El equipo del décimo lugar se utiliza aquí como sustituto de la mediana. Una mediana en estadística es más robusta al tratar con valores extremos en comparación con el promedio. Los centuriones de la ciudad sesgan el promedio significativamente

El enfrentamiento de fin de temporada del Manchester City es el siguiente:

Fecha Oposición Competencia
Sáb 8 de mayo Chelsea (H) PL
Viernes 14 de mayo Newcastle (A) PL
Martes 18 de mayo Brighton (A) PL
Domingo 23 de mayo Everton (H) PL
Sáb 29 de mayo Chelsea (N) CL

Chelsea tiene lo siguiente:

Fecha Oposición Competencia
Sáb 8 de mayo Manchester City (A) PL
Mié 12 de mayo Arsenal (H) PL
Sáb 15 de mayo Leicester (N) Copa FA
Martes 18 de mayo Leicester (H) PL
Domingo 23 de mayo Aston Villa (A) PL
Sáb 29 de mayo Manchester City (N) CL

El Manchester City necesita ganar al menos uno de sus próximos cuatro partidos (o ver al Manchester United perder 3 puntos en los próximos cuatro partidos) para hacerse con el título de PL.

El único partido entre semana que tiene el City es en Brighton.

una semana entre partidos por primera vez desde finales de diciembre (excluyendo los descansos internacionales), cuando el partido fuera de casa del Everton se pospuso debido a un brote de Covid.

El Chelsea no tiene ninguna semana libre hasta la semana anterior a la final de CL.

El Chelsea tiene un partido más por jugar (la final de la Copa FA) y aún necesita hacerse con el Top 4 como seguro si no gana la final de la CL.

Chelsea está actualmente cuarto, 2 puntos detrás de Leicester con igual GD, y 3 puntos por delante del West Ham con ventaja de +11 GD.

Todos los partidos restantes del Chelsea son contra equipos en la mitad superior de la tabla.

Los partidos consecutivos de Chelsea contra Leicester podrían definir potencialmente su campaña nacional y podrían resultar en una rotación mínima de equipos una semana y media antes de la final de CL.

Ambos equipos tienen menos de una semana entre el partido final de PL y la final de CL, que es aproximadamente una semana o dos menos de lo habitual.

A continuación se muestra un desglose de la venta utilizando los precios de las tiendas de EE. UU.

Nombre del juego Plu $ $ ale Apagado Crítico Plano
2064: Memorias de solo lectura $2.99 $3.99 80% 78
Cuento de un pescador $7.49 50% 75
Cuento de pescador - Edición de lujo $9.99 50% 75
Ases de la Luftwaffe - Escuadrón $4.49 $7.49 50% 72
Ases de la Luftwaffe - Escuadrón Ex. $9.99 60% 72
¡ACTÚE XL! Un juego de charadas $3.59 70% ??
Defensores de Aegis $4.99 75% 78
Agatha Christie - Los asesinatos de Abc $4.49 85% 68
Albedo: ojos del espacio exterior $4.49 70% 47
Arma de Alekhine $2.99 85% 32
Jake Hunter alternativo: Daedalus The. $4.79 88% ??
Los mejores programas de juegos de Estados Unidos: Wh. $13.99 65% ??
Amplitud $7.99 $13.99 30% ??
[Ancestors: The Humankind Odyssey] (https://platprices.com/en-u
. sigue leyendo en reddit ➡

https://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/rees-j/1997/xx/newlabour.htm (mejor formato)

& gtLa aplastante victoria electoral del Partido Laborista el 1 de mayo de 1997 ya ha hecho los libros de récords: la mayoría del Partido Laborista más grande de la historia, el voto más bajo de los conservadores desde 1832, el mayor número de ministros del gabinete derrocados en una elección, el mayor número de mujeres parlamentarias elegidas, etc. . La victoria tuvo un impacto aún mayor de lo que revelan las cifras desnudas porque fue, en muchos sectores, muy inesperado. El principal de los que no pudieron creer en los informes consistentes de las encuestas de opinión preelectorales fue el propio Tony Blair. Su comentario ahora infame pocos días antes de la votación de que "este no es un país arrollador" fue igualado en la misma noche de la victoria cuando se negó a creer las predicciones de las encuestas a boca de urna hasta mucho después de que se declararan los primeros resultados.

& gtPero el líder laborista no era el único que dudaba de que su partido ganaría generosamente, o de que ganaría en absoluto. Muchos votantes y activistas laboristas, y muchos a la izquierda del laborismo, quedaron marcados por la experiencia de las elecciones de 1992 cuando la victoria pareció escabullirse en el último momento, para confusión de los encuestadores de opinión. Se negaron a reconocer las diferencias vitales entre las dos elecciones sucesivas, entre otras cosas el hecho de que los laboristas comenzaron la campaña de 1992 con un 5 por ciento de ventaja en las encuestas en lugar del 20 por ciento de ventaja que habían alcanzado durante meses antes de que se anunciaran las elecciones de 1997. Para algunos, las dudas se hicieron más profundas a medida que la política y el liderazgo del Partido Laborista se volvieron más derechistas bajo Blair. Seguramente, decía el argumento, Blair se parece tanto a los conservadores que la gente se desmoralizará y se negará a votar por él. El fantasma de este argumento ha sobrevivido a su contundente refutación por el resultado electoral. Algunos, entre ellos los líderes laboristas, ahora argumentan que Blair ganó porque era muy de derecha. En la izquierda, este argumento lleva a la conclusión pesimista de que el proyecto socialista es tan difícil de realizar bajo Blair como lo fue bajo los conservadores. "La gente es simplemente de derecha", se dice, y el hecho de que solo votarían por los laboristas cuando el partido fuera dirigido por su líder más de derecha en el período de la posguerra demuestra el punto.

& gtLas causas de la victoria electoral de los laboristas son, por tanto, una parte importante del argumento sobre sus consecuencias. Si los líderes laboristas, y sus primos pesimistas de izquierda, tienen razón en que el voto laborista solo fue posible por la parte

Su informe de 18 minutos de sábado a lunes en 4451 palabras.

## Las repúblicas de Armenia y la CEI marcaron el día de la victoria de la Segunda Guerra Mundial

Putin felicitó a Pashinyan y al pueblo armenio por el 76 aniversario del día de la victoria. "Recordamos las hazañas de nuestros padres y abuelos con un sentimiento especial de orgullo y gratitud".

Pashinyan felicitó a Putin y a los rusos. "El gran legado de la victoria es un valor vital, una guía moral para las generaciones futuras, para construir un mundo justo y seguro".

La marcha anual del "Regimiento Inmortal", en la que la gente levanta las fotos de sus familiares participantes de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, se lleva a cabo en línea este año. Los participantes compartieron las fotos en las redes sociales bajo los hashtags # ԱնմահԳունդ 2021 # Бессмертныйполк2021

Las tropas armenias y rusas organizaron un evento en la base militar de Gyumri.

https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1051721.html https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1051778.html https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1051722.html https: // armenpress .am / arm / news / 1051796.html

## funcionarios públicos rindieron homenaje y compartieron mensajes

[Hoy también es el día de la liberación de Shushi durante la primera guerra de Artsaj]

Parlamento Pres. Mirzoyan: A pesar de que Shushi está bajo el control de Azerbaiyán, debería ser uno de los símbolos más importantes del renacimiento armenio. Armenia debe continuar las negociaciones en el marco del Grupo de Minsk de la OSCE para lograr el derecho de Artsaj a la autodeterminación y la restauración de la integridad territorial. //

Pashinyan visitó el panteón Yerablur antes de unirse a otros en un evento público en el Parque Hakhtanak. Conocieron a un grupo de veteranos de la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

Mensaje de Pashinyan: Felicitaciones por el 76 aniversario de la victoria en la Gran Guerra Patria. Esta es una gran fiesta de la que estamos justificadamente orgullosos. La contribución del pueblo armenio fue enorme. 500.000 armenios de la URSS participaron en la guerra y 300.000 murieron por la victoria. 107 de ellos recibieron títulos de Héroe.

Muchos de ellos se convertirían en oficiales del ejército soviético y alcanzarían nuevas alturas. Fueron la columna vertebral de los futuros ejércitos independientes de Armenia y Artsaj. Fueron ellos quienes se unieron a los voluntarios y con el espíritu moderno de los hayduks liberaron a Shushi.

Desafortunadamente, Shushi no está con nosotros hoy. Lamentamos su cautiverio pero nos damos cuenta de que, independientemente del destino y las realidades actuales, debemos celebrar el día de su liberación. Es una de las páginas gloriosas de nuestra historia moderna, ha sido de gran importancia para nuestro pueblo.

Debemos mantener viva la memoria de los que murieron en la guerra y debemos c

Pocas personas esperaban que se le diera el puesto al Director de Desarrollo del club, pero ha desempeñado un papel clave en la mejora de la cantera del club desde 2013

Una simple búsqueda en Google de 'Manchester United' y 'Director of Football' produciría una larga lista de nombres famosos.

Edwin van der Sar, Ralf Rangnick, Rio Ferdinand, Patrice Evra: el número de candidatos rumoreados ha crecido y crecido a lo largo de los años, ya que los jugadores convertidos en expertos argumentaron que el club necesitaba desesperadamente darle una clave a alguien con experiencia en el juego. papel en las negociaciones de transferencia.

Siempre es probable que el puesto se cubra con el tiempo, pero no habrá muchos observadores interesados ​​que esperaran que se le diera el puesto al director de desarrollo de fútbol del United, John Murtough.

De hecho, después de que se anunció el miércoles que Murtough había sido nombrado el primer 'Director de fútbol' del club, muchos forasteros simplemente se preguntaban quién era, y mucho menos por qué había sido elegido para ocupar un puesto tan importante.

Sin embargo, Murtough ha sido considerado durante mucho tiempo una figura clave en Old Trafford.

Fue traído al United por David Moyes en 2013, después de haber trabajado anteriormente para la Premier League. Habitualmente descrito como un "reparador", Murtough fue encargado de mejorar la academia.

Se destacó en ese sentido, desempeñando un papel fundamental en un cambio de política que hizo que el United adoptara un enfoque más expansivo y global para el reclutamiento de jugadores, lo que resultó en la llegada de jugadores como Hannibal Mejbri y Álvaro Fernández.

Murtough, quien reportará a Ed Woodward, también fue parte integral del establecimiento del equipo femenino en 2018.

En consecuencia, aunque el United evaluó a una serie de candidatos externos, consideraron a Murtough como la mejor opción para el puesto de 'Director de fútbol' debido a su ya amplio conocimiento del club y sus numerosas historias de éxito durante los últimos ocho años, y se le consideró una mejor opción que los candidatos externos que se consideraron inapropiados ya que solo estaban interesados ​​en la contratación.

Por supuesto, su trabajo ahora será objeto de más escrutinio que nunca.

One of the principal external criticisms of United's management structure has long been that the signing of players is overseen by people "not from the football world", as Evra

The success currently being enjoyed by Joel Glazer is in no way down to him

For fans of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, things are looking up. After near two decades of muddling mediocrity, their team has reached the Superbowl for the first time since 2002. Not only that, they will be playing against the Kansas City Chiefs next month in their own home, albeit that the pandemic has restricted the crowd in the Raymond James Stadium to 22,000.

What’s more they have within their ranks the greatest Superbowl winner in history, the recently signed 43 year old quarterback Tom Brady, who will be throwing for his seventh Superbowl winner's ring. In Florida, the stars seem to be aligning.

No wonder Joel Glazer, scion of the family that owns the franchise, was cooing with delight when interviewed after his team’s play-off victory last weekend.

“We’re so happy,” he said. “Tampa we’re coming home.”

At the same time, across the Atlantic, the Glazers’ other sporting entity also appears to be awakening after a lengthy slumber. Manchester United are back in a title race, the place that their fans believe is the minimal requirement for an operation of their prestige.

This joint upward trajectory has made some observers wonder whether we have got the Glazers wrong. Far from the leeches of wider conception, are the family in fact model owners, careful stewards determined to bring playing success to their clubs? Maybe we should give them some credit.

To which the only answer is: yeah, right, just like Newcastle fans should all bow down in gratitude to Mike Ashley.

Malcolm Glazer bought the Buccs in 1996. No expert in sports management, and not even that much of a gridiron fan, he largely left the day-to-day running of the business alone, his main concern drawing down the dividends. In 2002 the family hired John Gruden as coach and he won the Superbowl in his first year in charge. It was a high point that could not be maintained.

The Glazers had no clever system, no revolutionary management technique, no moneyball equivalent to keep the franchise potent. Their one piece of methodology was to change coaches as often as Chelsea. 12 they have hired in the 25 years they have owned the Buccs, none coming close to matching Gruden until Bruce Arians arrived in 2019 and broug


The Case for Manchester United

I am the proud owner of a nephew who is 15 years old, 6 feet 2, and 85 pounds after a week in a typhoon. I&rsquove seen veggie burgers with more meat on them. Great kid, too, and a huge Manchester United fan &ndash he recently did some school exam after one hour&rsquos sleep, having trekked with his dad the night before to Barcelona and back to watch United in a European game. (Don&rsquot tell his teacher). But despite the fact I like him a lot, and share his obsession with all things Man U, being just 15 he&rsquos badly in need of a history lesson, so Sam Dempsey of Tamworth, England? Take the iPod buds out of your huge ears, and listen up.

Lesson number one: United weren&rsquot always this good.

In a couple of weeks, amidst the swirling fogs of the Grand Sports Arena of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex in Moscow, the Champions League final will be played, and one team will be crowned best side in Europe. The Champions League (not to be confused with the European Championship, a tournament for national teams which begins in June 2008) is the premier competition for European club teams. What began with 32 teams in groups is now whittled down to a couple in a single, winner-takes-all game, and this year is the first time in the competition&rsquos history that the final features two British clubs: Chelsea (or Chelski as they&rsquore nicknamed given their Russian owner, the richer-than-God Roman Abramovich), and Manchester United. And if you started watching soccer fervently around the year 2001, as Sam Dempsey did, then it&rsquos a surprise to you that United don&rsquot make the final every year. In fact, the last time they made it was 1999 &ndash Sam was 6 years old — before that, 1968, when his dad was 4. And before that, never, and that&rsquos because of 1958.

Lesson number two: When Liverpool boss Bill Shankly famously said &lsquoSome people think football is a matter of life and death. I assure you, it’s much more serious than that,&rsquo it just proved what a twat he was.

Soccer fans around the world know that on February 6, 1958, an airplane carrying the Manchester United team back from a European game in Belgrade stopped to refuel in a snow-blasted Munich. In attempting to take off (for a third time), the plane crashed through a fence at the edge of the airport, into both a house and a hut used to store fuel, where it finally, and devastatingly, burst into flames. At the time, the team on board was nicknamed the Busby Babes, a combination of the name of the manager, Matt Busby, and the average age of the players, which wasn&rsquot much more than Sam Dempsey&rsquos age now. Ask a Man United fan to name the players who died, and many will forlornly say, &lsquoBent, Byrne, Colman, Edwards [pause], Jones, Pegg, Taylor, Whelan.&rsquo We pause not just for the rhythm of it, but for the fact that Duncan Edwards has, since his death, become a talisman of the shock the soccer world felt. He was 16 years old when he first played for United, 18 when for England, and by all accounts he was a phenomenon: hard-tackling, swift of mind, with a shot like a Howitzer. He was probably going to be the greatest player of his generation. But on that snowy night in Germany, it all came to an end: his legs were shattered, and his kidneys beyond repair. Amazingly, he lived long enough to reportedly ask a United official, &ldquoWhat time is kick off against Wolves? I mustn&rsquot miss that match.&rdquo Just over two weeks after the crash, he was gone, along with three backroom staff members, six journalists, and four other passengers.

The heart of a soccer club, ripped out and thrown in the slush of a German airport. What to make of such an event? For weeks, England held its breath, hardly able to think about soccer, about sports, about much of anything. It&rsquos a homogenous place still, small with poor weather, and national tragedies are just that: national. Matt Busby, the manager, had been very badly injured himself (he got the Catholic sacrament of last rites twice) there are chilling black-and-white movies of his disembodied voice coming over the loudspeakers at Man United&rsquos ground, Old Trafford, messages he read to a packed stadium as he lay near death in a Munich hospital. Though the great Turin team of 1949 had similarly perished in a terrible air crash, this accident still seems to stand alone in sporting history. Maybe it was the ages of the players maybe it was Duncan Edwards maybe it was what Busby&rsquos battle to live maybe it was because of what came next: Busby&rsquos return to full health, and the most glittering prize of all.

Lesson number three: When Man United wins, conception can follow.

By 1960s, Manchester United were back playing regularly in Europe, and on a warm May night in 1968 they beat a great Benfica team &ndash a team that featured Eusebio, at the time the best player in the world &ndash to become the first English team to win the European Cup (the forerunner to today&rsquos Champions League). Finally, United had reached their full potential, a footballing potential so cruelly taken from them ten years earlier. Bobby Charlton, a Busby Babe who survived the Munich crash, opened the scoring in 1968, glancing a header past Henrique in the Benfica net when the game went into extra time at 1-1, the great George Best rounded the keeper to put United ahead, and a minute later Brian Kidd echoed his own name by heading in on his 19th birthday.

Appropriately, Charlton finished the scoring on 99 minutes with a fabulous chip over the keeper from a crap angle, and Manchester United were, in the words of the Pathe News announcer, &ldquosupreme soccer champions of Europe.&rdquo

Six months later, I was born. I like to think that&rsquos down to a team called Gornik Zabrze. In late February, almost exactly nine months before my first appearance for Muling and Puking FC, United had won at Old Trafford in their European Cup-winning year against the Polish champions. Brian Kidd scored that night, too, and talking of scoring, I&rsquom sure my dad&rsquos good mood. . . . By my personal second trimester we&rsquod beaten Eusebio&rsquos Benfica, but I was to grow up like Sam Dempsey, only dimly aware of United&rsquos tragic/triumphant history. The first year I really followed them fervently was 1975. By then, Manchester United was something else entirely.

Lesson number four: Some victories should not be celebrated.

After 1968 the club went into a decline, and in late 1974 a player named Denis Law, a United legend who had only missed the 1968 European Cup final through injury, ended his playing career at United&rsquos arch rivals, Manchester City.

In an end-of-season local derby, Law found himself with his back to our goal, and in perfect Law fashion (he was one of the smartest center forwards ever to play the game), he backheeled the ball into United&rsquos net, thereby relegating them to what was then Division Two. Law was devastated, not realizing then that even a draw would have sent us down. No matter — he bowed his head in shame and walked away, leaving the field almost immediately (he was substituted), and retiring a few weeks later. My earliest memories of United as a central part of my life were therefore of the team playing teams like Oxford United and Leyton Orient. Throughout the rest of the seventies and eighties &ndash or my childhood, as it&rsquos known — United continued to flatter, but weren&rsquot even deceptively bad. It was only with the ascent of Alex Ferguson to position as United manager that United started to dominate as they have done recently. We’ve won the Premiership ten times since 1992, including this year. It&rsquos still a shock to some of us. We remember 1975.

Lesson number five: Uncles always tell stories humor them.

I was watching a United game with my girlfriend the other night when she suddenly blurted out, &ldquoSo has Man United ever been relegated?&rdquo Once I&rsquod stopped headbutting her, I said, &ldquoHoney, let&rsquos go back to 1958, shall we?&rdquo She was asleep by the time I got to Brian Kidd&rsquos goal in the Benfica match, but I woke her to fill her in on the forthcoming Champions League final. As I did so, I realized there&rsquos a thread running all the way back to 1958. It&rsquos not just the coincidence of dates (&rsquo58, &rsquo68, &rsquo08), nor the fact that the remaining survivors of Munich have been invited to join the current United team in Moscow in a couple of weeks. No, it&rsquos the thread of family that makes United fans (makes most sports fans, in fact).

In my case, my uncle Mike was a journalist in Manchester in 1958, and a colleague of his died in the crash. He went on to be pals with fellow-Catholic Busby he wrote in the United programme every week you knew you could prompt him to talk about the Busby Babes, but you didn&rsquot dare. His younger brother, my dad, lived for United too, and died in 1990, before the team became good again. My kids were born the year United won the Champions League now, they&rsquore almost old enough to care, too, but only if a horse and a poodle somehow get in United&rsquos starting 11.

Lesson number six: Unlike Christiano Ronaldo, this, too, shall pass.

But this final is not for my kids they&rsquore too young. This one&rsquos for Sam Dempsey. He&rsquos been to every United game this season, home and away, accompanying his dad, my elder brother, all over England. After about 65 minutes of every game they both lustily join in the chant in which &ldquoSerbia&rdquo somehow rhymes with &ldquomurderer,&rdquo an appallingly witty reference to our tough central defender, Nmanja Vidic they call me with full reports of how we played. Sam thinks United have always been this good &ndash that Ronaldo and Rooney and Rio are business as usual &ndash that we&rsquoll always finish in the top two, and will be disappointed if we don&rsquot make the Champions League final. Well, hate to tell you son, but when I was your age . . . but no.

So what that my youth came and went with United winning nothing of note? Let&rsquos leave Denis Law and the Second Division and Leyton Orient behind. Now, in my fortieth year, United fans are packing their bags with the ghosts of the fifties and sixties and seventies and eighties, and they&rsquore flying over Munich on their way to Moscow. How could anyone root for any team but United, given what came before? It&rsquos a question I often ask myself. No one&rsquos answered yet, and for me, no one ever will.

Lesson number seven: Keep out of bars.

I was in a bar recently sitting next to a guy who follows Chelsea, the team United must beat to once again become supreme soccer champions of Europe. He was bemoaning what they&rsquove become a once-fashionable West London club, in deep blue shirts, passing and dribbling, once in a while being successful but not really. All that has gone. Now, they have devolved into a team of superstars paid for by Abramovich, but who seem to publicly hate each other. Recently, stars Didier Drogba and Michael Ballack argued during a game against United about who was to take a free kick and in their recent game against Newcastle, John Terry, their captain and presumed role model, ripped fellow defender Ricardo Carvahlo a new one when he left the field having fallen on his old one.

Then there&rsquos some of their fans. The Chelsea Headhunters are a notorious group who dole out vicious beatings on other team&rsquos supporters, then leave a snazzy calling card on their prone bodies. These same geniuses have also issued death threats against both Anders Frisk (a Swedish referee, though honestly, some of his decisions . . .) and two Reading players. Recently, a member of the groundskeeping crew at Chelsea&rsquos stadium reportedly called a black United player, Patrice Evra, &ldquoa fucking immigrant,&rdquo and a full-scale brawl ensued.

So Chelsea are not hard to loathe, though I guess if I&rsquod been born in West London I might well have supported them.

Lesson number eight: Just because you never met your granddad doesn&rsquot mean you don&rsquot look like him.

We support our teams because we like the color of their shirts, or because it&rsquos our hometown team, or because something tragic happened before we were born, or because our dads did. Sam, your dad had no choice, just like his dad before him, a man who grew up four miles from Old Trafford. Your son, should you be so blessed by same, may well be conceived after a difficult away game in Italy, United 1-0 down after the first leg, and a young center forward, name TK, just like you banging in the winner at the very end. Luckily, you don&rsquot have a brother, so your kids won&rsquot be bored by uncle stories of Ronaldo&rsquos solo goals, and Nani&rsquos headbutts, and Scholes&rsquo and Giggs&rsquo demeanor as current untouchable United legends. Count your blessings, then, and in the words of the most famous United chant of all, some time soon let&rsquos take a &ldquowalk along the Warwick Road, to see Matt Busby&rsquos aces.&rdquo


Manchester: Another senseless horror

It was Monday, May 21. We had just finished production of last week’s newspaper. Suddenly, my phone started to “blow up” with alerts from news agency after news agency. One after the other after the other, it was something like “Explosion at arena in Manchester, England.”

At first, I presumed it was some sort of football (soccer) match . Soon, we learned it was an Ariana Grande concert. The capacity at the arena — 21,000. In attendance at the concert, 20,000. Most of the attendees? Young.

Finalmente sucedió. A major terror attack at a major arena/stadium.

We will not use the name of the murderous terrorist whose reported suicide bomb of nails, nuts, & bolts killed 22 innocent Britons, the youngest of whom was 8. Eight.

We do pause to remember the victims: John Atkinson , of Manchest er Courtney Boyle, of Gateshead Kelly Brewster, of Sheffield Georgina Callander, of Manchester Olivia Campbell, of Manchester Liam Curry and Chloe Rutherford, a young couple who reports say “loved to travel together” Wendy Fawell, of West Yorkshire Martyn Hett, of Manchester Alison Howe (unknown hometown) Nell Jones, of Cheshire Michelle Kiss, of Lancashire Marcin and Angelika Klis, both Poli sh nationals living in England.

Also, Sorrell Leczkowski, one of the younger victims at 14 Lisa Lees, the parent of a concert-goer who was waiting in the arena’s outside concourse for her daughter when the bomb exploded Eilidh MacLeod, of Scotland, also just 14 Elaine McIver, a 43-year-old off-duty Cheshire police officer Saffie Rose Roussos, 8, of Lancashire Philip Tron, 32, the step-father of victim Courtney Boyle and finally, Jane Tweddle, of Blackpool.

Of the youngest victim, teacher Chris Upton told The Sun of London:

“News of Saffie’s death in this appalling attack has come as a tremendous shock to all of us and I would like to send our deepest condolences to all of her family and friends. The thought that anyone could go out to a concert and not come home is heartbreaking. Saffie was simply a beautiful little girl in every aspect of the word.

“She was loved by everyone and her warmth and kindness will be remembered fondly. Saffie was quiet and unassuming with a creative flair. Our focus is now on helping pupils and staff cope with this shocking news and we have called in specialist support from Lancashire County Council to help us do that. We are a tight-knit school and wider community and will give each other the support that we need at this difficult time.”

Beyond all that happened in Manchester just a tad more than a week ago, I can’t help but wonder — how has something like this not happened in the United States?

We live near so many targets just like the Manchester Arena. It’s a minor miracle, almost, that another madman hasn’t targeted Red Bull Arena, the Prudential Center, Barclay’s Center, Madison Square Garden, Metlife Stadium, Citi Field or Yankee Stadium.

In a sense, it’s pretty remarkable that of the 20,000 people gathered at the concert last week, only 22 people lost their lives. Still, it’s a bit disconcerting just how easy it was for a deranged, determined man to waltz right into an arena’s lobby and to do the kind of damage he did.

I don’t write all of this to create panic. It’s q uite the opposite, in fact. So many of us lived through the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001 — and too often, people forget what happened that day. It’s not until there’s another incident that we truly wake up to be reminded just how volatile our world is.

So a week-and-a-half after the events of Manchester, let us all take a moment to remember those who died. And let us remember how lucky we’ve been not to have been targeted in nearly 16 years.

But all the s ame, as much as we forget about history, let this Manchester attack also serve as a reminder that when we do forget the past, we’re doomed to repeat it.

May that never happen to anyone.

• As touching as it was that Her Majesty the Queen Elizabeth II went to a Manchester hospital to visit some of the surviving victims of the attack, I can’t help but wonder if perhaps it would have been better that she’d just remained at Buckingham Palace.

While visiting with two teenage girls with leg injuries, the first question the queen asked the two girls?

“ You had enjoyed the concert, didn’t you,” the queen asked.

• Happy birthday to two very special human beings — Stevie Nash (May 29) and Nicole McGuire Neubig (May 25).


Manchester Observer - History

History of Manchester Township, Dearborn County, Indiana
From: History of Dearborn County, Indiana
Her People, Industries and Institutions
Archibald Shaw, Editor
Published By: B. F. Bowen & Co., Inc.
Indianapolis, Indiana 1915

Manchester originally included considerable of Jackson township, a small portion of Kelso and the greater part of York. In 1831 twelve sections were taken off and added to Kelso township and in 1841 York township was created, and it again lost territory and with the creation of Jackson, in 1832, another loss of territory was made but with all its losses Manchester is the largest township in the county, and it is claimed that it has more square miles than any township in the state. Since York township was organized there has been but little change in its boundaries. In 1896 a small strip was taken off and added to York, which is the only change that the township has undergone since the townships were all created.

Like Sparta township, there was little done in the way of settling the territory until after the War of 1812-15, and all danger from the Indian tribes had disappeared forever. The earliest lands entered from the government were made in the parts nearest to the river and the creeks. In township 5, range 2 west, a portion of section 1 was entered in 1809, by David Blane, and in 1813 another portion of the same section by Amor Bruce. Another part of the same section was entered in 1812 by Elijah Pitts, and another portion of the same section to Ichabod Palmerton in 1814. A portion of section 2, o the same township, was entered by James Vaughn in 1813, and part of the same section by John Ferris in 1814. Henry Dils entered a part of section 12, in the same township, in 1817, and Hugh McMullen a part of section 8, in 1818.

In township 6, range 2, Abner Tibbetts entered a part of section 33 in 1814, and in 1818 parts of section 32, of the same township. were entered bye Joseph Sylvester and Elijah Rich, and in 1829 by Samuel McMullen. In 1818 portions' of section 31 were entered by David Roberts, Sr. William Barton and Thomas Alleyway. Parts of section 36 were sold to Riley Elliott, James Vaughn and Samuel Wright.

In township 7, range 3 west, John R. Rounds bought a portion of section 35 in 1819, and Joshua Given a part of the same section in 1825.

The history of Manchester township dates back to the year 1815, when Mark McCracken and his brother Robert, with their mother, located on the present site of the village of Manchester. In 1852 Robert McCracken stated over his own signature that he, in 1815, cut the road seven miles, drove the first wagon that ever was on the ridge, and put up the first cabin that ever was in that neighborhood. It is supposed that he cut the road from Cambridge, which was at that time the nearest station where there was a settlement. He also stated that his nearest neighbor was at that time some four or five miles away and that they were all living this side or nearer the river than where he was located. Two years later, in 1817, he sold out to Rev. Daniel Plummer, but his brother, Mark McCracken, retained his portion until his death, and erected the large country mansion owned for so many years by William H. Baker.

During the year 1815 David, George and Joseph Johnston, from Frederick county, Virginia, located on north Hogan, in the township. They had left Virginia in 181o, settling first in Butler county, Ohio, and in 1812 removing to Vincennes, then they came to Louisville, Kentucky, and in 1814 to where Aurora was later built, and a year later to Manchester township.

Lawrence Lozier, the progenitor of the Lozier family, settled in the township the same year, and a year later David and Abner Tibbetts, Simon Alexander and Benjamin Anderson came into the township.

It is said that about this time there was a large emigration from the state of Maine, the citizens of that state having what they called the "Ohio fever." In the fall of 1817 fifteen families, all from the same neighborhood in the state of Governor Kent, seventy eight in all, left Cumberland county, Maine. It excited much curiosity and was spoken of by the papers of the time as "the land fleet." Their route was through the cities of Portland, Albany and New York, thence to the headwaters of the Alleghany at Olean, New York, thence by boats and rafts to Pittsburgh, and on down the Ohio to Lawrenceburg. Most of this hand of emigrants settled on what was for years called Greenbrier ridge, now known as the neat little village of Manchester. They camped down close together until they had their bearings and then proceeded to secure land for themselves.

Robert McCracken, in referring to the coming of Daniel Plummer, said: "In the section where Plummer located there were no less than five families living on one hundred and ninety nine or more acres that was cleared, and on the land I sold Plummer only five acres were cleared. Some twenty families were living within a mile of Mr. Plummer after the Maine colony settled there."

STORIES OF THE EARLY SETTLERS.

In 1876 George W. Lane nad an article in the Aurora Independent which spoke of the township of Manchester as follows: "Soon after the War of 1812 one of the most important settlements for numbers and charactet was made in Manchester township. They suffered many hardships and, indeed, many privations, but they stood their ground like Christian martyrs and many lived to see tall oaks utilized for other purposes and removed to make room for houses, barns and meadows, and in less than a decade the ridge was under a high state of cultivation for miles, and in the fall rows of teams would be seen on the mad hauling off the surplus of their farms and cooper shops. The latter work was carried on for a number of years, as Manchester was studded over with heavy timber, the tallest and largest trees this side of California, and to work up these great oaks into pork barrels required the labor of Mr. Jaquith and all of his boys, and these boys were as good, jovial fellows as were ever turned loose in any big woods.

"The writer remembers well the first time he ever saw Manchester. He rode out on a horse behind Henry, or as he was better known as "Hank," Jaquith, to attend a party that was on the tapis for that night, and if the party was too large for the house they adjourned to the threshing floor in the great barn it did not in any wise mar the pleasure of the occasion.

"Joseph Baker was one of the early settlers of Manchester township, a man of fine appearance and easy address. He was the father of William H. Baker and Kirtley Baker, of Aurora, the grandfather of Kirtley Baker, of Lawrenceburg. There was also William Bennett, A. True, M. Darling and A. Oldham, near Tanners creek. Mr. Oldham was a good, honest man and as true a Christian as ever lived this side the gates of Paradise.

"John Palmer resided on the state road. He was elected a probate judge for the county, and for a number of years was a justice of the peace. He was honest and wanted to do right. Judge Palmer was a large farmer and a merchant. Charles W. Wright was the pioneer merchant of Wrights Corners and for many years did a good business. He was a sensible and industrious man. Daniel Plummer was a man worthy of remembrance and entitled to a more extended notice than the writer can indulge in. No friend of other days is called to mind with more pleasing associations. He was not only a goad man but he wanted all others to be good. His example corresponded with his precept. His daily walk was a rebuke to the evil disposed, and his kind words well calculated to encourage them to seek the paths of rectitude. Mr. Plummer took no pains to secure public favor with a view to obtaining office, though well qualified and worthy. His moral and religious training led him into channels of a higher and more useful character, yet the people, without solicitation on his part, elected him to the state Senate in 1834, which office he honored instead of the office honoring him. He discharged the duties of the position honestly, faithfully and acceptably to the people.

"Mark McCracken was a prominent man in his day, and enjoyed the confidence of his fellow citizens. They always knew just where to find him. He was a man of nerve and unyielding when he made up his mind. He seemed to have an intuitive sense of the right, and his scorn of wrong was so positive that like the balance of a watch it regulated all his actions. As an officer of the county he was economy personified. He could say 'no' to pretended or unjust claims against the county with a vim that might be learned to great advantage at the present day. His motto was that he had a right to be liberal or even extravagant with his own, but never with the people's money.

"Daniel Roberts was one of those men whose character furnishes a light to memory's path, that could not be overlooked while casting about Manchester for worthy pioneers deserving special notice. It is said 'that from the overflow of the heart the mouth speaketh.' If this is true then Mr. Roberts must have had a heart as big as a lion, for it has been flowing with love to his neighbors and generous sentiments to his associates for over four score years, and yet the fountain is not exhausted and even his voice is set to the key of kindness that, like the echo from a mountain cove, rings on the ear long after he ceases to speak. Had he received a thorough education in early life with his other gifts, it would have made him more prominent and highly useful in a much larger sphere. Rev. Daniel Roberts was the father of Judge Omer F. Roberts.

"Oliver Heustis was one who would have been recognized as a man of intelligende in any society. He was a constant reader and it may be said was a student all his life. He was well posted on all political questions and familiar with history. He was a good talker and very much enjoyed pleasant and intelligent conversation, indeed, it might be said that it was his forte, for Mr. Heustis was not a gifted public speaker, but when he did take part on important occasions, what he did say was sensible and to the point. Mr. Heustis was twice elected to the Legislature, in 1832 and in 1844, and as a member was regarded as a practical man with principle that was unyielding.

EARLY TEMPERANCE ADVOCATE.

"James P. Milliken was an intellectual light that could not be hid in a forest home, but was called forth to take elevated positions of trust and honor, that his light might shine forth for the good of others. Mr: Milliken was a man of fair attainments, dignified appearance and unsullied reputation. A wish to do just right was the prominent point in his character this led him to disregard the popular breeze of the day and induced him to prefer political martyrdom to the abandonment of his honest convictions. Mr. Milliken was in the full sense of the word a temperance man by precept and example, and would that others should be the same. He also had decided opinions on the subject of human slavery, and would not yield them for the sake of friends or party. As a citizen he was industrious and enterprising, and enjoyed the confidence of all who knew him. Mr. Milliken was four times elected to the state Legislature twice to the House of Representatives, 1841 and 1842 and twice to the Senate, serving six years, 1846 to 1852.

"Luther Plummer was an unassuming man of sterling worth and strict integrity, looking to the welfare of his family and attentive to his own interests. He put on no foolish style or attempts to appear in characters other than his own, but like ornaments made of pure gold that need no varnish or gilding, so with a true hearted man, who is the same at home as abroad, today and tomorrow who acts well his part without pomp or dazzling parade. To say that Mr. Plummer was an honest man would be no compliment, for like the description we once heard of a certain person 'that he deserved no credit of being a gentleman, he was one naturally,' so with Mr. Plummer, he deserves no credit for being an honest man, he was one naturally.

"Of the early settlers the Congers should not be forgotten. David Conger was a man of influence in his day. He was the father of Edward A. Conger, who was elected sheriff of the county when quite a young man. Edward bade fair to make a man of considerable prominence had his life been spared. Lewis B. Conger was well known in the county. He was elected, in 1841, assessor of real estate for the entire county under the new law. Samuel W. Conger still resides in Upper Manchester, respected as he deserves to be by all his neighbors.

"A history of the township would be imperfect without a reference to Ben Tibbetts who, when the writer first knew him, was one of the most active thorough going, dashing business man in the county. He could haul more hay and load a boat quicker, go to New Orleans and back again sooner than anyone else. His very presence, with his usual fire and life, like a galvanic battery that emits electricity at the slightest touch, gave activity and new life to all around him. At heart Ben Tibbetts was an honest man, of generous impulses, and while he may have wronged himself, he never intentionally wronged a neighbor.

"Alfred J. Cotton found a home in Dearborn county when quite a young man. There were few better and many worse men than Judge Cotton. His moral worth and religious devotion commended him to the respect of all good citizens but his name and history are recorded in a more reliable shape than we can place them in 'Cotton's Keepsake.' Yet we will add that he served as associate judge for a number of years and probate judge for four years.

"We must not leave Manchester without calling attention to Mrs. Mary Piles, better known as 'Aunt Polly.' She came to the county during the War of 1812, and was married to Mr. Piles in 1813, at Georgetown, in Miller township, and now (1876) at over eighty years is as sprightly and active as a girl of sixteen and can walk five miles without any difficulty. Her memory being good she can narrate stories of pioneer life that are full of interest.

"The Tibbettses came from Maine. The Heustis family came from the state of New York in 1819. William Dils came from West Virginia in 1816. Joseph Baker came from New York in 1817. The Congers came from New Jersey in 1817. The McMullens came from Pennsylvania in 1817. Hugh McMullen was a native of Ireland. They built the first cabin and were the first settlers on what is called Pleasant View.

"The Givans came from Maryland, and settled in the township in 1825. Joshua, the father of Judge Givan, of Lawrenceburg, was a native of Maryland, and on coming to this county interested himself in educational matters, and the first school house erected in the neighborhood in which he settled was built on his land and mainly through his influence. His house was one of the preaching places before the erection of the Baptist church building. His object and aim in life was to benefit his fellow men, to do good in the community in which he lived, honest in all his dealings, charitable in his giving and religious in his everyday life. He died in a ripe old age, honored and respected by all who knew him.

"Judge Cotton came from the state of Maine and settled in the township in 1818. He erected a cabin and all was one vast, unbroken wilderness around him, save here and there a little cabin and a small opening, the labors of the newcomers of the previous year. These were scattered about on what was then called Greenbrier ridge, so called by hunters on account of the prevalence of a brier by that color that abounded in the forests. He says: `My cabin was far removed from any other habitation, solitary and alone at first. I had bushed out a wagon track, as we call it, and had also blazed a footpath, a nearer cut to the settlement. My mind reverts with indescribable emotion to that period of my life. Many is the time and oft, that I have entered this dismal and solitary path, when for a good part of the way it was so dark that I could not see my hand to save me was compelled to feel out the path with my feet, with my heart in my mouth, my hair well nigh erect, and my blood nearly curdled, for the prowling wolves were about my path and had often raised their hideous yells in my very door yard.'

"Rev. Daniel Roberts emigrated from the state of Maine. In 1817 he determined to seek a home in the West, Indiana being his objective point. Using an ox team as his mode of conveyance he started on this long and tedious journey. On reaching a point near the falls of the Genesee river, in the state of New York, his money being exhausted, he was compelled to stop and engage himself as a common laborer in order to replenish his scanty purse. Having obtained a small sum of money he continued his journey until he reached Pittsburgh, arriving there at the beginning of the summer of 1818. He hastily constructed a rude craft, upon which he and his family embarked and proceeded down the river to Cincinnati, where he concluded to stop for a time before continuing to Indiana, his original destination. He remained in Cincinnati nearly two years. During the year 1819, under the ministry of the Rev. I. Smead, a powerful and able preacher, lie joined the Christian church and was immersed in the Ohio river opposite the mouth of the Licking. At the age of thirteen he had joined the Methodist Episcopal church at Durham, Maine, under the preaching of Joshua Soule, afterwards a bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church, South but the forcible sermons of Smead having satisfied him that the doctrines and polity of the Christian church were more in accord with the teachings of the Bible, he concluded to join that organization. While still in Cincinnati he was ordained an elder by the minister who received him into membership, and soon after entered the itinerant ministry. In 1820 he, with his family, removed to Indiana and located near Manchester, Dearborn county. He resided for two years on Pipe creek, in Franklin county, but with that exception he made Dearborn county his home the rest of his life.

NOTED MEMBERS OF THE OLD DEBATING CLUB.

"The Pleasant View Debating Club was one of the institutions of that part of the township. It was a fixture for a number of years, its fortunes ebbing and flowing with the changes in the neighborhood. Among its members who since have had opportunity to argue questions on a broader plane are Noah S. Givan, since a member of the Legislature, both House and Senate Noah M. Givan, now deceased, but for years one of the leading attorneys of Missouri Frank R. Dorman, for two terms county sheriff and one term county auditor Joseph Ripley, judge and senator Major Slater and his brother, F. M. Slater, the poet Myron Haynes, one term county auditor Edward P. Ferris, since a state senator.

"Elias Heustis is authority for our saying that James Vaughn kept the first public house in the township, dug the first well, made the first brick kiln, and had the first peach orchard. Daniel Hummer made the first hay press used in the township, and it is also said that he built the first frame house and frame barn in the township. The house is still standing the barn was used for church purposes."


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