HMS Malaya

HMS Malaya saliendo del puerto de Nueva York

HMS Malaya dejando el puerto de Nueva York.


HMS Malaya (BB-6)

Por Stephen Sherman, junio de 2007. Actualizado el 1 de marzo de 2012.

H MS Malaya fue un acorazado clase Queen Elizabeth de la Royal Navy, botado en marzo de 1915. Fue nombrado en honor a los Estados Federados de Malasia, cuyo gobierno pagó por su construcción.

Construido por: Armstrong (Newcastle-on-Tyne)
Pedido: 1913
Establecido: 20 de octubre de 1913
Botado: 18 de marzo de 1915
Asignado: 1 de febrero de 1916
Complemento: 1.124 a 1300 aprox.
Armamento: ocho cañones de 15 pulgadas, doce cañones de 6 pulgadas, ocho cañones A.A de 4 pulgadas, dieciséis cañones AA de 2 libras y 1 avión.
Velocidad: 24 nudos,
Desplazamiento: 31.100 toneladas.

Batalla de Jutlandia 1916

Disparó 215 rondas de 15 pulgadas. Recibió 7 impactos de 12 pulgadas y sufrió 63 muertos y 68 heridos.
El 24 de junio de 1916 se reincorporó a la Gran Flota después de las reparaciones.


Reconstruido dos veces entre guerras. La última reconstrucción vio la adición de una nueva suspensión y una catapulta fija a popa del embudo, se proporcionaron dos grúas para apoyar el movimiento de la aeronave. Las monturas de cañones AA de 4 "individuales fueron reemplazadas por monturas gemelas. Se proporcionaron dos pompones de 8 cañones y dos ametralladoras cuádruples de 0.5" se montaron en la torreta X. Se instalaron dos HA DCT (High Angle Director Control Tower) para soportar los nuevos cañones antiaéreos.

Tras el inicio de la guerra, se instaló un nuevo radar de alerta aérea, un radar de superficie y un radar de tipo HA (ángulo alto). Se agregaron unos 20 cañones Oerlikon de 20 mm adicionales.

Segunda Guerra Mundial

17 de agosto de 1940: temprano en la mañana, los acorazados británicos HMS Warspite (Capitán D.B. Fisher), HMS Malaya (Capitán A.F.E. Palliser), HMS Ramillies (Capitán H.T. Baillie-Grohman) y otros bombardearon las posiciones italianas alrededor de la fortaleza de Bardia.

Operación MB-6 - 8 de octubre de 1940

Un convoy británico de cuatro buques mercantes salió de Alejandría hacia Malta el 8 de octubre de 1940. Este convoy fue escoltado por dos cruceros antiaéreos británicos, tres destructores australianos HMS Stuarty un destructor británico.

La cobertura fue proporcionada por la Flota del Mediterráneo (bajo el mando del almirante Cunningham) con los acorazados británicos HMS. Warspite (Capitán D.B. Fisher), HMS Valiente (Capitán H.B. Rawlings), HMS Malaya (Capitán A.F.E. Palliser), HMS Ramillies (Capitán H.T. Baillie-Grohman), el portaaviones británico HMS Ilustre (Capitán D.W. Boyd) y otros buques de guerra británicos y australianos.

El convoy no fue visto y llegó sano y salvo a Malta el 11 de octubre. El único daño sufrido fue el destructor HMS. Imperial que se extrajo de Malta y estuvo fuera de acción durante más de 6 meses.

Durante el viaje de regreso, la Flota del Mediterráneo fue avistada por un avión italiano. La Armada italiana intentó interceptarlos en el Mar Jónico. En la noche del 11 al 12 de octubre, las flotillas de torpederos y destructores italianos atacaron, pero fueron rechazadas con grandes pérdidas.

Incursión británica en Génova - 6 de febrero de 1941

La Fuerza H (bajo el mando del vicealmirante Somerville) salió de Gibraltar el 6 de febrero de 1941. El crucero de batalla HMS Renombre (Capitán R.R. McGrigor), acorazado HMS Malaya (Capitán A.F.E. Palliser), portaaviones HMS Arca real (Capitán C.S. Holland), y otros barcos salieron de Gibraltar hacia el oeste con el convoy HG-53. Esto se hizo para engañar a los observadores alemanes e italianos en España. Mientras tanto, 4 destructores salieron de Gibraltar y se dirigieron al este para realizar un barrido antisubmarino. Durante la noche, el Force H cambió de rumbo y pasó Gibraltar en dirección oeste de regreso al Mediterráneo. Allí se les unieron los 4 destructores.

El 8 de febrero, la flota italiana abandonó el puerto y se dirigió hacia el sur después de recibir informes de aviones de transporte británicos al sur de las Baleares. Los italianos pensaron que había otro convoy a Malta.

Temprano en la mañana del 9 de febrero, Renombre, Malaya y Sheffield bombardeó la ciudad italiana de Génova. En el puerto se hundieron 4 barcos y 18 resultaron averiados. También la ciudad misma resultó dañada. La flota italiana se dio la vuelta y trató de interceptar los barcos británicos, pero debido al mal tiempo esto falló. Mientras tanto Arca realEl avión asaltó Livorno y minó el puerto de La Spezia. Force H regresó a salvo a Gibraltar el 11 de febrero.


20 de marzo de 1941

Poco antes de la medianoche, el submarino alemán U-106 atacó un buque mercante del convoy SL-68 con una extensión de dos torpedos a unas 250 millas al oeste de las islas de Cabo Verde. Un torpedo golpeó y dañó el acorazado británico HMS. Malaya, causando daños considerables. Con una gran inundación, el barco tomó una escora de 7 grados, pero llegó a salvo a Trinidad. Después de que se hicieron las reparaciones temporales, continuó hasta el Navy Yard de Nueva York, donde el acorazado estuvo atracado durante 4 meses. El 9 de julio, el barco partió hacia el Clyde, llegando el 28 de julio.

En 1942 se quitaron el avión y la catapulta y se agregaron dos montajes de cañones AA gemelos de 4 "a la cubierta de vuelo, se agregaron dos pompones de 8 cañones más en la superestructura de popa, el número de cañones Oerlikon de 20 mm se aumentó a 31. Un tipo Se añadió el radar (SW) 271 encima del trinquete y se retiraron los dos cañones de 6 pulgadas delanteros.

HMS Malaya fue retirado del servicio a finales de 1944 y puesto en reserva y sirvió como barco de alojamiento. Vendido el 20 de febrero de 1948 a Metal Industries y llegó a Faslane el 12 de abril de 1948 para su desguace. . Fue desguazada en Faslane, Escocia, el 12 de abril de 1948. La campana del barco se puede ver en el East India Club de Londres.


Contenido

En la Primera Guerra Mundial, sirvió en el 5º Escuadrón de Batalla de la Gran Flota del almirante Hugh Evan-Thomas. Participó en la Batalla de Jutlandia, el 31 de mayo de 1916, donde fue alcanzada ocho veces y sufrió daños importantes y numerosas bajas de tripulación. Un total de 65 hombres murieron, en la batalla o después de sus heridas. Entre los heridos se encontraba Able Seaman Willie Vicarage, notable como uno de los primeros hombres en recibir reconstrucción facial mediante cirugía plástica y el primero en recibir una reconstrucción radical a través de la técnica del "pedículo tubular" iniciada por Sir Harold Gillies. & # 911 & # 93 Único entre los barcos en la batalla, HMS Malaya Volaba la insignia roja-blanca-negra-amarilla de los Estados Federados Malayos.


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Ianya adalah sebuah klip filem bisu yang saya editar dengan selingan muzik iaitu Lagu Kebesaran Negeri Perak iaitu 'Allah Lanjutkan Usia Sultan' yang dimainkan oleh Pancaragam Akedemi Tentera Udara Diraja Malasia, dan juga Lagu Kebangsaan La reina británica iaituja.

Sejarah HMS Malaya bermula semasa berlangsungnya Mesyuarat Raja-Raja Melayu pada tahun 1912, di mana Sultan Perak iaitu Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar (1849-1916) Agar mengusulkan Nelayu Fsegeri (Estados Unidos) mempertingkat kelengkapan perang. Secara khusus ianya adalah suatu usul untuk membiayai kos pembinaan salah satu dari lima buah kapal perang utama kategori 'Queen Elizabeth-Class' bagi pihak británico. Usul tersebut telah disokong oleh Sultan Selangor iaitu Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (1863-1938), dan dipersetujui oleh Yang diPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan iaitu Tuanku Muhammad ibni Almarhum Tuanku Antah, dan Sultan Pahitu (1865-1933) Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad al-Mu & # 8217azzam Shah (1868-1917).

Kapal perang utama tersebut mula dibina pada tahun 1913 oleh Whitworth & amp Company di Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Inglaterra. Menurut rekod, penduduk FMS dimaklumkan tentang status pembinaan melalui laporan akhbar yang dikeluarkan selang 3 bulan dari tahun 1913 hingga 1915. Pemilihan nama kapal perang utama tersebut juga menjadi isu perbincangan semenujaduk Fangdak Fangihak Fangihamah. "," HMS Malasia "," HMS Sri Malaya "y" HMS Malaya ". Dari pandangan umum, nama "HMS Malaya" adalah nama yang paling mendapat sambutan (The Singapore Free Press And Mercantile Advertiser, 16 de diciembre de 1912).

Kapal biayaan FMS tersebut dilancarkan pada 18.3.1915, dan ditauliahkan dengan nama HMS Malaya pada 1.2.1916 (Gambar 1). Ia membentuk sebahagian dari kelengkapan 5º Escuadrón de Batalla, Gran Flota yang diketuai Contralmirante Hugh Evan-Thomas. Dari segi kos, ianya menelan belanja sebanyak & # 1632,945,709 iaitu bersamaan 25 juta dolar selat. Jika dibanding dalam nilai semasa, ianya berjumlah & # 163305 juta atau RM1.6 mil millones. Ketika itu penyumbang terbesar kepada ekonomi FMS, yang menjadi sumber utama dana pembinaan HMS Malaya, adalah negeri Perak.

Dari segi dimensi, HMS Malaya berukuran 196,82 metros panjang dan 27,58 metros lebar dan mempunyai berat 33.020 tan. Ianya dilengkapi 8 meriam 15 inci yang diletakkan di 4 landasan meriam berputar. Ia mempunyai enjin wap yang menjana 56,600 kuasa kuda dan memberi kelajuan maksimum 25 nudos (46 km / h 29 mph). Ianya adalah antara kapal perang utama yang tercanggih dan terpantas ketika itu, dan boleh memuatkan 1.217 anak kapal.

Dalam klip filem simpanan Imperial War Museums (IWM) tersebut, kita dapat melihat HMS Malaya semasa ianya sedang bertugas di perairan Mar del Norte iaitu sebelum Pertempuran Jutland sekitar penghujung bulan Mei 1916. Kemungkinan besar filem tersebut kapal uhmbilta ia Escuadrón de batalla. Dalam pertempuran tersebut HMS Malaya mengalami kerosakan teruk akibat terkena 8 bedilan pihak Jerman, di mana 63 dari anak kapalnya telah terkorban. Serpihan peluru meriam Jerman yang menembusi HMS Malaya telah dihadiahkan kepada FMS pada tahun 1916. Lihat Gambar 4 yang menunjukkan serpihan dari bedilan pihak Jerman tersebut.


Gambar 4: Serpihan peluru 12-inci pihak Jerman yang menembusi HMS Malaya semasa Pertempuran Jutland, 31.5.1916 (Sumber: BattleshipCrusiers.co.uk)

Gambar 5: HMS Malaya sekitar pelabuhan Nueva York setelah selesai kerja-kerja membaik-pulih, 9.7.1941.
Sumber: Museos de la guerra imperial.

Apa yang menarik, selain dari sumbangan wang, FMS juga telah memberikan loceng-loceng kegunaan HMS Malaya. Peristiwa ini berlaku sekitar Ogos 1916 di mana beberapa buah loceng yang dibiayai dana kutipan derma dari pegawai kerajaan dan penduduk FMS telah dihadiahkan kepada HMS Malaya. Upacara penyerahan loceng dihadiri oleh Sir Woodford Ernest Birch, el almirante Sir John Jellicoe y el contralmirante Hugh Evan-Thomas. Dari laporan akhbar 'Malaya Tribune' bertarikh 24.7.1916, logam bagi membentuk loceng dicairkan kedalam acuan pada 15.5.1916 oleh Mears & amp Stainback dari Whitechapel Road, Londres. Loceng utama seberat 192 lbs (87,1 kg) diperbuat dari campuran tembaga (16 bahagian) dan timah (4 1/2 bahagian), manakala bahagian dalam iaitu pemukul loceng (badajo de campana) diperbuat dari besi dan mempunyai berat 8 lbs (3,6 kg). Berat keseluruhan loceng utama adalah 200 libras (90,7 kg). Menurut laporan akhbar yang sama, loceng utama tersebut tertera dengan perkataan berikut:

Melalui acuan yang disediakan, jata FMS dibentuk di bahagian belakang loceng dengan slogan dalam tulisan Jawi iaitu 'Di Pelihara Allah'. Di bawahnya pula tertera slogan yang digubah Sir Frank Swettenham seperti berikut: -

Di bahagian belakangnya tertera slogan yang digubah Sir Frank Swettenham iaitu "Bunyi Genta Kapal Ini Besarkan Hati Orang Berani" bersama terjemahan di dalam Bahasa Inggeris iaitu "El sonido de la campana de este barco enciende los corazones de los valientes".

Setelah tamat Perang Dunia Kedua, salah sebuah dari loceng HMS Malaya telah dipulangkan oleh British ke Tanah Melayu (Gambar 6). Dari inskripsi yang tertera, saya berpendapat ia mungkin salah satu dari loceng kecil yang bersalut perak dan bukannya loceng utama HMS Malaya.

Gambar 6: Salah satu dari 5 loceng HMS Malaya yang dihadiahkan oleh pegawai & amp penduduk FMS (Número: NST Press)

Menurut rekod upacara yang diadakan pada 12.9.1947, sekolah menengah Victoria Institution telah dipilih untuk menerima loceng HMS Malaya tersebut. Ianya kemudian dipindahkan ke Pusat Hidrografi Nasional di Pulau Indah pada bulan Ogos 2007 untuk disatukan dengan bendera FMS asal yang dikibarkan di atas HMS Malaya. Bendera asal HMS Malaya tersebut telah dijumpai oleh Sultan Selangor, iaitu Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, semasa ekspedisi pelayaran solo baginda mengelilingi dunia.

Walaupun bernama Malaya, hanya sekali sahaja kapal ini tiba di Tanah Melayu iaitu pada tahun 1921. Ini berlaku semasa ia membawa rombongan Duque de Connaught untuk melawat jajahan takluk dan sekutu British termasuk sat FMS di mana21 iaitu hinggah 17.19 iaitu 17.2.1921. Pelabuhan-pelabuhan yang dilawati adalah Port Swettenham, Singapura, Melaka, Port Dickson dan Pulau Pinang. Walaupun singkat, lawatan HMS Malaya ke FMS dan Negeri-Negeri Selat tersebut menjadi pemangkin kepada dua acara perlawanan sukan tahunan yang masih berterusan sehingga kini iaitu dalam acara bolasepak dan ragbi. Piala "Copa HMS Malaya" bagi sukan bolasepak yang bermula pada tahun 1921 kini dikenali sebagai Copa Malasia atau Piala Malasia. Manakala piala acara sukan ragbi masih dikenali dengan nama "Copa HMS Malaya".


HMS MALAYA

Uno de los cuatro Reina Elizabeth acorazados de clase en Jutlandia que sirven bajo el mando del vicealmirante Sir David Beatty, el Malaya sufrió graves daños en la batalla, pero «dio todo lo que recibió».

Siluetas de los cinco poderosos disparos de 15 pulgadas Reina Elizabeth acorazados de clase, cuatro de los cuales lucharon en Jutlandia (colección privada)

La lápida conmemorativa de MalayaHa caído en Jutlandia en el cementerio naval de Lyness (colección privada)

No todos los muertos de Malaya fueron enterrados en tierra. De hecho, una de las fotos más conmovedoras que tengo de Jutlandia es el entierro en el mar desde Malaya después de que se envió una señal a Jellicoe, reconoció y acordó:

“5th Battle Sqn to Jellicoe - Permiso para Barham & amp Malaya para enviar KIA a las profundidades. Respuesta: Aprobado ”.


HMS Malaya - Historia

HISTORIAS DE SERVICIO de BARCOS DE GUERRA DE LA MARINA REAL en la Segunda Guerra Mundial
por el teniente Cdr Geoffrey B Mason RN (Rtd) (c) 2003

HMS MALAYA - Acorazado de cañón de 15 pulgadas clase Queen Elizabeth
incluidos los movimientos de escolta de convoyes

Editado por Gordon Smith, material adicional y edición de amplificador de Naval-History.Net por Mike Simmonds

Acorazado clase QUEEN ELIZABETH encargado a Armstrongs en 1913 y depositado el 20 de octubre de ese año. El costo de este barco, cotizado como 2.945.709, fue cubierto por los Estados Federados de Malasia. El barco fue botado el 18 de marzo de 1915 como el primer barco RN en llevar el nombre y su construcción se completó el 1 de febrero de 1916. Durante la Primera Guerra Mundial participó en la Batalla de Jutlandia el 31 de mayo de 1916.

B a t t l e H o n o u r s

JUTLAND 1916 - ATLANTICO 1940-41 - CALABRIA 1940 - MEDITERRANEAN 1940-41 - MALTA CONVOYS 1941-42 - CANAL INGLÉS 1944.

Insignia: En un Field Red, un Tiger pasante Gold sosteniendo un Malay Kris propiamente dicho.

Malem Fero Malis: 'Le traigo el mal al mal'.

D e t a i l s of W a r S e r v i c e

Septiembre Desplegado con la Flota del Mediterráneo en Alejandría como parte del 1er Escuadrón de Batalla con

Acorazados HM WARSPITE y BARHAM.

XI Zarpó de Alejandría para realizar ejercicios de artillería en compañía de HM Battleships

WARSPITE y BARHAM, HM Cruisers DEVONSHIRE, SUSSEX, ARETHUSA y

PENELOPE y HM Destroyers AFRIDI, GURKHA, MOHAWK y SIKH. Por la tarde

MALAYA y PENELOPE regresaron a Alejandría.

Nominado para traslado al Océano Índico con HM Aircraft Carrier GLORIOUS por

defensa de convoyes e interceptación de asaltantes.

9o Zarpó de Alejandría para realizar ejercicios en compañía de HM Battleships WARSPITE

y BARHAM, HM Portaaviones GLORIOUS, HM Cruiser PENELOPE y HM

Destructores BULLDOG, DAINTY, DARING, DUNCAN, GALLANT, GIPSY y

GRAFTON. Al finalizar los ejercicios MALAYA, GLORIOSO, BULLDOG y ATREVIDO

Realización de barridos anti-invasores desde Aden.

Noviembre Continúan las patrullas anti-asaltantes, particularmente para el Panzerschiff alemán ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE off

Décimo zarpó de Aden con GLORIOUS y BULLDOG para llevar a cabo una patrulla anti-asaltante en el Golfo.

16 Se unió en el mar por HM Battleship RAMILLIES y HM Destroyer DELIGHT.

18 En Aden con RAMILLIES, GLORIOUS, BULLDOG, DARING y DELIGHT, donde estaban

(Nota: El 15/11/39 el ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE hundió al comerciante británico SS Africa

Destruyó a Lorenco Marques y el 16/11/39 al oeste de Durban detuvo al comerciante holandés.

MV Mapia. Cuando el CinC East Indies recibió esta noticia, inmediatamente formó

grupos para buscar al asaltante en el Océano Índico, siendo Force J uno. Sin embargo siguiendo

la interceptación del Mapia, GRAF SPEE regresó al Atlántico)

Force J continuó con las patrullas contra los asaltantes en el Golfo de Adén.

Diciembre Nominado para servicio en el Atlántico.

8º Navegó desde Aden escoltado por HM Destroyers HMAS VENDETTA y WATERHEN.

21 zarpó desde Malta escoltado por HM Destroyers DELIGHT, DIANA y WATCHMAN.

24 Llegó a Gibraltar, donde repostó. Navegó más tarde el mismo día hacia Halifax escoltado por

Vigésimo sexto vigía se separó y regresó a Gibraltar.

Desplegado para la defensa del convoy atlántico.

14o Zarpó de Halifax y se unió a HM Destroyers HMCS OTTAWA y SAGUENAY

15 ° HMCS OTTAWA y SAGUENAY se separaron del convoy HX 16 y MALAYA permaneció

23o Separado del convoy HX 16

30. Navegó desde Halifax en compañía de HM Battleship VALIANT, HM Cruiser

ENTERPRISE, HM Destroyers HUNTER, HMCS FRASER, OTTAWA, RESTIGOUCHE

y ST LAURENT escoltando el convoy de tropas canadienses TC3 que lleva tropas canadienses a

el Reino Unido. (Nota: El convoy estaba compuesto por los transatlánticos AQUITANIA, EMPRESA DE GRAN BRETAÑA,

Polaco CHOBRY, MONARCA DE BERMUDAS y EMPRESA DE AUSTRALIA.)

1st HUNTER, HMCS FRASER, OTTAWA, RESTIGOUCHE y ST LAURENT separados

4ª ENTERPRISE separada del convoy TC3.

5a A las 08.25 horas, 650 millas al oeste de Malin Head HM Destroyers DARING, DIANA, FAME,

FAULKNOR, SIN MIEDO, FIREDRAKE, PREVISIÓN, FORTUNA, FOXHOUND, FURY,

KELVIN, KINGSTON se unió al convoy TC3.

Séptimo Llegó a Clyde con TC3 y se separó

27 zarpó del Clyde con lingotes de oro embarcados para su traslado a Canadá en compañía de

Crucero mercante armado ASCANIA escoltado por HM Destroyers FAME, FAULKNOR,

4to Llegó a Halifax. A su llegada, desplegado con Halifax Escort Force para el convoy del Atlántico

Décimo zarpó de Halifax y se unió a HM Destroyers HMCS SAGUENAY y SKEENA

11 ° SAGUENAY y SKEENA desprendidos del convoy HX 26 y MALAYA permaneció

22 Se separó del HX 26 y regresó a Halifax.

Nominado para traslado al Mediterráneo

3º Navegó desde Halifax escoltado por HM Destroyer HMCS ST LAURENT. A las 1800 horas tomó

sobre la escolta del convoy HX 32 de HM Destroyers HMCS RESTIGOUCHE y

SAGUENAY. RESTIGOUCHE, SAGUENAY y ST LAURENT luego se separaron del HX 32.

14o Separado de HX 32 para Gibraltar.

19. Llegó a Gibraltar.

28 A las 16.00 horas, zarpó de Gibraltar hacia Alejandría en compañía del Acorazado HM ROYAL

SOBERANO escoltado por HM Destroyers VELOX, WATCHMAN y HMAS VENDETTA y

29 Frente a Argel se les unió un grupo de batalla francés de 3 acorazados, 4 cruceros y 3

30th Off Bizerte, HM Destroyers HMAS STUART y VAMPIRE se unieron. Más tarde en el Canal de Sicilia HM

El crucero ORION y HM Destroyers DECOY y DEFENDER se unieron.

1er Off Malta VELOX y WATCHMAN separados.

3º A las 18.20 horas llegó a Alejandría.

Desplegado con HM Battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN para proporcionar cobertura para el paso de

convoyes en el Mediterráneo oriental.

Se unió al 1er Escuadrón de Batalla y se desplegó con la Flota para la defensa y la ofensiva del convoy.

operaciones contra la navegación enemiga en el Mediterráneo oriental.

(Nota: Durante este período, las unidades de la Flota del Mediterráneo llevaron a cabo extensos ejercicios

en previsión del estallido de hostilidades con Italia. Italia declaró la guerra a las 0001 horas el

12 A las 02.30 horas zarpó de Alejandría en compañía del HM Battleship WARSPITE, HM Aircraft Carrier

EAGLE proyectado por HM Destroyers DAINTY, HASTY, ILEX, JANUS, JUNO, NUBIAN y HMAS

STUART, VAMPIRE y VOYAGER para realizar un barrido hacia el oeste a lo largo de la costa africana.

A las 08.40 horas, el HM Cruiser CALEDON se incorporó a la flota en el mar.

A las 13.25 horas, el HM Cruiser CALYPSO se incorporó a la flota en el mar y el HM Destroyer MOHAWK se incorporó más tarde.

A las 18.40 horas, HM Destroyers HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, HYPERION e IMPERIAL

A las 1953 horas, HMAS STUART, VAMPIRE y VOYAGER se separaron de la flota. Más tarde HM

El destructor DIAMOND se unió a la flota.

14. Regresó a Alejandría.

4º Participó en las negociaciones con la Flota francesa tras la capitulación de Francia.

(Operación CATAPULTA - Ver ENEMIGOS RELUCTANTES por W Tute).

7a A las 23.30 horas zarpó de Alejandría en compañía de HM Battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN, HM

Portaaviones EAGLE proyectado por HM Destroyers DAINTY, DEFENDER, HASTY, HYPERION, ILEX,

JANUS, JUNO y HMAS VAMPIRE y VOYAGER como Force C para proporcionar cobertura para el tránsito de dos

convoyes (MF1 / rápido 13 nudos y MS1 / lento 9 nudos) desde Malta (Operación MA5)

(Nota: esta fue una repetición de la Operación MA3 que fue cancelada el 28 de junio debido al compromiso con

Destructores italianos. Consulte las siguientes referencias.)

8º Durante el día, la flota estuvo bajo ataques aéreos de un total de 126 bombarderos de alto nivel. En un ataque de fuego

Los cables de control fueron dañados por cuasi accidentes y reparados.

A las 16.00 horas, el crucero GLOUCESTER recibió un impacto directo en su puente.

A las 15.15 horas, un Sunderland informó de una flota italiana de 2 acorazados, 6 cruceros y 7 destructores, 100

millas al noroeste de Bengasi, navegando hacia el norte. Al recibir el informe, la Flota del Mediterráneo modificó

curso en un intento de aislar a los italianos de su base en Taranto.

9 A las 15.15 horas frente a Punta Stilo, las dos flotas se avistaron. EAGLE, cubierta por GLOUCESTER,

fue desprendido y los acorazados con sus pantallas destructoras trabajaron a toda velocidad para entablar

Flota italiana. A las 1552 horas 30 millas al oeste de Punta Stilo WARSPITE y el acorazado italiano GIULIO

CESARE se abrió fuego unos a otros y así comenzó la Batalla de Calabria. Dos veces durante la acción,

WARSPITE cambió de rumbo para permitir que el MALAYA más lento lo alcanzara. A las 1554 horas MALAYA

abrió fuego, pero sus disparos fueron de 2700 yardas cortas y cesó el fuego a las 1558 horas. Las naves enemigas

se retiró a gran velocidad después del breve intercambio de disparos.

(Nota: las naves enemigas no pudieron cerrarse debido a la falta de velocidad).

(Para obtener detalles de las operaciones durante 1940-43, consulte ENGANCHAR MÁS AL ENEMIGO

CLOSELY por C. Barnett, LA BATALLA POR EL MEDITERRÁNEO por D. MacIntyre

LA GUERRA NAVAL EN EL MEDITERRÁNEO de J Greene y A Massignani y el

Historia del personal naval (HMSO-2001)

(En su informe posterior a la batalla, el almirante Cunningham de la flota mediterránea de CinC escribió que habiendo visto

las deficiencias de MALAYA y ROYAL SOVEREIGN tanto en términos de velocidad como de armamento principal

rango, no creía que pudiera lograr su objetivo estratégico de lidiar de manera decisiva con

la flota italiana sin refuerzo por acorazados modernizados)

Décimo A las 08.30 horas, EAGLE despegó de una fuerza de ataque contra la navegación en Augusta Roads.

A las 20.30 horas frente a Malta, ROYAL SOVEREIGN y los destructores acompañantes se separaron para repostar en

Malta. MALAYA, EAGLE y los destructores asistentes se dirigieron al sur de Malta para esperar

11 A las 1000 horas, ROYAL SOVEREIGN y los destructores acompañantes se reunieron, tras lo cual el

Fuerza combinada que consta de MALAYA, REAL SOBERANO, EAGLE, GLOUCESTER, DAINTY,

DEFENDER, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, HYPERION e ILEX ponen rumbo a Alejandría

cubriendo el convoy MS1 (MS1 había zarpado de Malta temprano el 10/7/40)

15 A las 09.00 horas, arribo a Alejandría.

19 A las 12.30 horas, zarpó de Alejandría en compañía del HM Battleship RAMILLIES con EAGLE y

escoltando destructores. Su misión era barrer hacia el oeste a lo largo de la costa en busca de los dañados.

Crucero italiano GIOVANNI DELLE BANDE NERE (Dañado más temprano en el día en un compromiso con

HMAS SYDNEY en Cape Spada) y se cree que se dirige a Tobruk.

20 Frente a Tobruk, EAGLE lanzó un ataque aéreo que no pudo localizar el crucero pero que hundió a dos italianos

21 Llegó de regreso a Alejandría.

27 a las 03:00 horas zarpó de Alejandría en compañía de los acorazados HM WARSPITE y RAMILLIES, HM

Portaaviones EAGLE escoltado por HM Destroyers DECOY, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX,

IMPERIAL, JERVIS, JUNO, NUBIAN y MOHAWK para cubrir el paso del convoy AS2 / 1. sur de

A la flota de Creta se unieron HM Cruisers NEPTUNE y HMAS SYDNEY.

28º La flota dividida. Al sur del convoy AS2 / 1 del estrecho de Kithera escoltado por HM Cruisers CAPETOWN

y LIVERPOOL y HM Destroyers DAINTY, DEFENDER, DIAMOND y HMAS STUART fueron

conocido por la Fuerza de cobertura de MALAYA, RAMILLIES, EAGLE, HEREWARD, HERO, JERVIS, JUNO,

30 Regresó a Alejandría.

31 1420 horas zarpó de Alejandría en compañía del HM Battleship RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carrier

ÁGUILA escoltada por Destructores HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, ILEX, IMPERIAL, JERVIS

y HMAS VENDETTA para realizar prácticas de artillería. Después de esto, fueron designados como Fuerza B

para la Operación HURRY y debían navegar hacia el oeste hacia la isla Gavdo. Sin embargo, cuando MALAYA

Desarrolló problemas con el agua salada en sus condensadores. Toda la Fuerza B regresó a Alejandría.

2. Llegó de regreso a Alejandría.

16: 10.30 horas zarpó de Alejandría en compañía de los acorazados HM WARSPITE y RAMILLIES, HM

Crucero KENT, escoltado por Destructores DIAMOND, HEREWARD, HOSTILE, MOWARK, NUBIAN

y HMAS STUART, VENDETTA y WATERHEN y prosiguió hacia el oeste en la Operación MB2.

Después de navegar, la flota se organizó en dos fuerzas. Fuerza B compuesta por MALAYA, RAMILLIES,

HEREWARD, HERO, JUNO, STUART, VENDETTA y WATERHEN.

17 Entre las 06.58 y las 07.20 horas, la flota bombardeó Bardia y Fort Capuzzo (Operación MB2).

(Nota: se dispararon 62 rondas de 15 pulgadas y 104 rondas de 6 pulgadas).

18 Bajo ineficaces ataques aéreos de Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79 s, 12 de los cuales la flota derribó, durante

pasaje de regreso a Alejandría.

30 A las 04.45 horas, zarpó de Alejandría en compañía del HM Battleship WARSPITE, HM Aircraft Carrier

EAGLE, HM Cruisers ORION y HMAS SYDNEY escoltados por HM Destroyers DECOY, DEFENDER,

HEREWARD, IMPERIAL, HMAS STUART, VAMPIRE, VENDETTA y VOYAGER y ORP polaco

GARLAND sobre la Operación HATS / MB3. La flota navegó hacia el golfo de Taranto. (El objetivo de

La Operación HATS debía cubrir el paso de refuerzos para la Flota y el convoy del Mediterráneo

MF2 para Malta. El convoy MF2 fue escoltado débilmente por 4 destructores para actuar como cebo para invitar a un ataque por

31 Temprano en la mañana a la Flota se unieron los HM Cruisers KENT, GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL y

HM Destroyers HASTY, HYPERION e ILEX, regresando de un barrido del sur del Egeo. Sobre

Al llegar a un punto aproximadamente a 100 millas al oeste del Cabo Matapan, la Flota giró hacia el sur.

A las 15.54 horas, KENT, GLOUCESTER y LIVERPOOL se separaron de la Flota para unirse al convoy MF2.

A las 17.00 horas, cuando la Flota del Mediterráneo se encontraba a unas 150 millas al oeste de Creta, la Flota italiana

(4 acorazados, 14 cruceros y 39 destructores que habían zarpado de Taranto a las 0600/31/8/40)

sólo 120 millas al noroeste de su posición, lo que hace muy probable una acción de la Flota. Sin embargo, en ese punto el

Alto mando italiano, que conocía el convoy pero no la presencia de la Flota del Mediterráneo,

ordenó a la flota italiana que regresara a la base.

A las 18.15 horas, la Flota viró hacia el oeste en dirección a Malta y el DECOY se destacó para unirse

1 ° A las 09.00 horas al oeste de Malta, la Flota del Mediterráneo R / Ved con Force F desde Gibraltar, y giró

con Force F hacia Malta.

A las 16.57 horas al este de Malta, la Flota se dividió para la Operación MB3 (una operación para atacar a Italia

instalaciones en el sur del Dodecaneso). La Fuerza E comprendía MALAYA, EAGLE, COVENTRY,

DAINTY, DIAMOND, JANUS, JUNO, VAMPIRE y VENDETTA.

3er Oeste de Creta la Flota nuevamente se dividió y MALAYA, EAGLE, DAINTY, DIAMOND,

VAMPIRE, VENDETTA y WRYNECK se dirigieron directamente a Alejandría.

4º A las 21.00 horas llegamos a Alejandría.

8vo Navegó desde Alejandría en compañía de HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HMS EAGLE, HMS RAMILLIES, HMS

VALIANT, HMS WARSPITE, HM Cruisers AJAX, GLOUCESTER, ORION, YORK, HMAS SYDNEY

proyectado por HM Destroyers HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX, IMPERIAL,

JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO y NUBIAN para proporcionar cobertura distante para el paso del convoy MF3 de Malta desde

Egipto y el convoy ME4 de Malta, y el convoy AS4 de Grecia y un ataque aéreo sobre Leros

9º A las 02:54 horas, se unieron a la flota en el mar el HM Cruiser LIVERPOOL y el HM Destroyer DIAMOND.

Décimo A las 17.15 horas RAMILLIES, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX y NUBIAN separados

de la Flota para repostar en Malta. A intervalos durante el día y durante el día 11, varias unidades del

Flota separada para repostar en Malta.

11 A las 1105 horas, IMPERIAL fue minado y muy dañado. Fue remolcada a Malta por DECOY.

A las 16.00 horas, el convoy MF3 llegó a Malta en compañía de ORION, STUART y VENDETTA. A

esta vez el cuerpo principal de la Flota del Mediterráneo estaba a 100 millas al sureste de Malta, donde estaba

avistado e informado por un avión civil italiano.

A las 22.45 horas, el convoy ME4, que incluía la cañonera APHIS del río HM, zarpó de Malta escoltado por

HM Cruisers CALCUTTA y COVENTRY y HM Destroyers WRYNECK y HMAS WATERHEN.

A última hora de la noche, después del regreso de todas las unidades repostadas, la Flota se dirigió a Alejandría.

(Al noreste de Malta, y posicionados en previsión de que un convoy zarparía desde Malta fueron 4

Destructores italianos, 3 lanchas torpederas y 4 lanchas MAS)

12 Durante el pasaje de regreso a Alejandría, a las 0200 horas, la flota estaba a 125 millas al oeste de Malta, y aproximadamente

70 millas al norte del convoy. Los tres barcos torpederos italianos lanzaron torpedos contra AJAX, el

unidad más al norte de la Flota, todas las cuales fallaron. AJAX, después de la confusión inicial, abrió fuego a 4000

yardas, hundiendo ARIEL y ARIONE. A cambio, AJAX recibió 3 hits de AIRONE. (AJAX fue

equipado con radar tipo 279 que era un conjunto de búsqueda aérea de largo alcance y de poca utilidad en una superficie

compromiso). Inmediatamente los 4 destructores italianos acudieron en ayuda de los torpederos y a las 02:30

horas ARTIGLIERE lanzó un ataque con torpedos que AJAX evitó. AJAX logró dañar

AVIERE y dañar gravemente ARTIGLIERE. A cambio, ARTIGLIERE golpeó AJAX 4 veces, poniéndola

radar fuera de acción y dañando una montura gemela de 4 pulgadas. En el momento del segundo compromiso, la luna

had set and the lack of flashless powder caused problems for AJAX s gunners. At 0235 hours when

the Italian destroyers withdrew behind a smoke screen AJAX broke off the action since Capt.

McCarthy believed that he had been in action against 4 destroyers and 2 cruisers.

(This action is known by the Italians as the Battle of Cape Passero)

The gunfire drew other cruisers of the Mediterranean Fleet to the scene, but they arrived too late to

13th At dawn ,the damaged ARTIGLIERE under tow by the destroyer CAMICIA NERE, was sighted 107

miles west of Malta by a Sunderland. The sighting report resulted in an air strike by Swordfish

from ILLUSTRIOUS, without result. YORK, AJAX and 4 destroyers were despatched from the fleet

and arrived at the position at 0900 hours. CAMICIA NERE slipped the tow and made off, and YORK

At 1100 hours south east of Gavdos Island convoy ME4 was joined by convoy AS4 that had

In the evening the Fleet divided and ILLUSTRIOUS, GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL, HAVOCK,

HEREWARD, HERO and NUBIAN headed into the Aegean .

14th Early in the morning Swordfish from ILLUSTRIOUS carried out an air strike on the airfield on the Island

At 0840 hours the ILLUSTRIOUS Force rejoined the main body of the Fleet and the combined Fleet

set course for Alexandria.

In the evening the Fleet came under air attack and at 1845 hours 70 miles SE of Crete, LIVERPOOL

sustained an aerial torpedo hit in the starboard bow, delivered by an Italian torpedo aircraft. At 1920

hours the petrol storage compartment exploded, blowing the roof off A turret the port gun fell into

the sea and a fire was started. DECOY and HEREWARD stood by.

At 2230 hours ORION took her in tow backwards at 9.5 knots towards Alexandria escorted by

DAINTY, DECOY, DIAMOND and VAMPIRE.

15th At 0100 hours the Mediterranean Fleet arrived back at Alexandria.

25th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE, HM Cruiser COVENTRY , escorted

by HM Destroyers JANUS, MOHAWK, WRYNECK and HMAS VAMPIRE and VOYAGER on

Operation MAQ2 (covering a Port Said to Piraeus convoy AN5 and carry out an

air attack on Rhodes in the Dodecanese)

26th The Fleet sailed to the southern end of the Kasos Strait.

27th Swordfish from EAGLE carried out an air strike on the airfield at Maritza on the Island of Rhodes.

28th Arrived back at Alexandria.

29th At 0130 hours sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleships WARSPITE, VALIANT and

RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS and EAGLE escorted by destroyers DAINTY,

DECOY, DEFENDER, DIAMOND, HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX,

JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO, MOHAWK and NUBIAN. The Fleet sailed for the west of Crete on Operation

CHURCH. (Following Italy s attack on Greece on 28/10/40 the Greek Government invited Britain to set

up a base at Suda Bay on the north coast of Crete. Operation CHURCH was the operation

covering the military convoys carrying personnel and stores to Suda Bay)

Late in the evening south of Crete HM Cruisers YORK , GLOUCESTER, ORION and HMAS SYDNEY

30th The Fleet continued to sail north west and at 2000 hours, was 126 miles west of Cape Matapan.

31st At 1630 hours 75 miles west south west of Cape Matapan WARSPITE, ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK ,

GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, ILEX and JERVIS detached from the Fleet and

proceeded towards Alexandria. The rest of the Fleet remained cruising to the west of Crete .

2nd Arrived back at Alexandria.

6th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleships WARSPITE ,VALIANT and RAMILLIES,

HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HM Cruisers YORK and GLOUCESTER, destroyers DECOY, DEFENDER,

HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX, JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO and MOHAWK

on Operation MB8 and Operation COAT. Later joined by HM Cruisers AJAX and HMAS SYDNEY

(Operation MB8 was to provide cover for the passage of Convoy MW3 [sailed from Alexandria on

5/11/40] to Malta and Convoy AN6 [from Port Said on 4/11/40] to the Aegean. Operation Coat was

the passage of reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet).

7th Covered the passage of convoy AN6 and MW3. The two convoys proceeded together from

off Alexandria towards west Crete. (Operation MB8).

9th In the evening RAMILLIES, HAVOCK, HYPERION and ILEX detached for Malta to refuel.

10th The Mediterranean Fleet cruised to the south east of Malta.

At 1015 hours Force F, comprising HM Battleship BARHAM, HM Cruisers BERWICK and GLASGOW

and HM Destroyers GALLANT, GREYHOUND and GRIFFIN , and preceeded by HM Destroyers

FAULKNOR, FORTUNE and FURY acting as minesweepers, R/Ved with the Mediterranean Fleet.

Force F (The reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet, Operation COAT) entered Valletta harbour to

disembark their troops and supplies and the 3 F-class destroyers to refuel.

At 1330 hours convoy ME3, which included HM Monitor TERROR, sailed from Malta, escorted by

RAMILLIES, COVENTRY, DECOY, DEFENDER and HMAS VENDETTA.

After disembarking their troops and supplies BARHAM, BERWICK, GLASGOW, GALLANT,

GREYHOUND and GRIFFIN sailed from Malta and joined the Mediterranean Fleet sailing east.

11th Covered passage of convoy ME3 from Malta to Alexandria.

At 1310 hours AJAX, ORION, HMAS SYDNEY, MOHAWK and NUBIAN detached from the Fleet to

carry out a raid on Italian military convoys in the southern Adriatic.

At 1800 hours ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK , BERWICK, GLASGOW, GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HAVOCK,

HYPERION and ILEX detached from the Fleet to carry out Operation JUDGEMENT.

(Note: The successful air attack on Taranto (Operation JUDGEMENT) by aircraft from HMS

ILLUSTRIOUS during the night of 11/12th November was also covered as part of Operation COAT).

12th At dawn ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK, BERWICK, GLASGOW, GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HAVOCK,

HYPERION and ILEX rejoined the Fleet.

13th The Fleet and convoy ME3 arrived at Alexandria.

(Following the success of Operation JUDGEMENT it was decided RAMILLIES and MALAYA could

be released from the Mediterranean Fleet)

23rd Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleship RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE, HM

Cruisers AJAX, ORION and HMAS SYDNEY escorted by HM Destroyers DAINTY, DIAMOND,

HASTY, HAVOCK, HYPERION and ILEX, designated as Force C for Operation MB9 and Operation

(Operation MB9 was an operation to provide Fleet cover for Malta convoy MW4. Operation COLLAR

covered the passage of RAMILLIES, BERWICK and NEWCASTLE through the Mediterranean to

24th At 0800 hours Force C arrived at Suda Bay to refuel.

After refuelling, Force C sailed from Suda Bay. Off Suda Bay HM Cruiser BERWICK joined Force C,

which then sailed westward towards Malta .

26th At 0813 hours convoy MW4 arrived at Malta accompanied by MALAYA and RAMILLIES to refuel.

At 1200 hours MALAYA sailed from Malta to rejoin Force C.

30th Returned to Alexandria with HMS WARSPITE and HMS VALIANT covering passage

of newly joined cruisers HMS MANCHESTER, HMS SOUTHAMPTON and HM

Corvettes PEONY, SALVIA, GLOXINIA and HYACINTH.

16th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Destroyers DEFENDER and DIAMOND escorting Malta

supply convoy MW5A (Operation MC2).

20th At 0400 hours arrived at Malta in company with destroyers DEFENDER, DIAMOND, NUBIAN and

WRYNECK with mercantiles of MW5A.

21st At 1250 hours sailed from Malta screened by HM Destroyers HEREWARD, HYPERION and ILEX and

escorting convoy MG1 formed of SS CLAN FORBES and SS CLAN FRASER. They were joined by

HASTY and HERO. The force headed for the Sicilian Narrows, to R/V with Force H. The transfer of

MALAYA to Force H formed part of Operation HIDE.

22nd At 0156 hours 24 miles west of Cape Bon, HYPERION was torpedoed and seriously damaged by

Italian submarine SERPENTE. HMS ILEX was detached to assist HYPERION.

At 0940 hours joined ships of Force H (HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN,

HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD) for passage to Gibraltar with mercantiles of convoy MG1.

24th At 1000 hours arrived at Gibraltar for loan service in Force H.

7th At 0800 hours sailed from Gibraltar in company with HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier

ARK ROYAL and HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD screened by HM Destroyers FAULKNOR, FIREDRAKE,

FORESTER, FORTUNE, FOXHOUND, FURY and JAGUAR as Force H to cover the passage of

convoys to Malta and Piraeus, and transit of HM Cruiser BONAVENTURE with four Fleet destroyers,

DUNCAN, HASTY, HEREWARD and HERO, reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet at Alexandria

9th At 0930 hours HM Cruisers GLOUCESTER and SOUTHAMPTON and HM Destroyer ILEX joined from

the east to augment the convoy s close escort through the Skerki Channel and on to Malta.

At 1320 hours the Force came under high level attack by 10 Italian SM 79 aircraft, 8 aircraft attacked

MALAYA, all their bombs falling just ahead and causing no damage. Two of the attackers were shot

down by FAA Fulmars from ARK ROYAL.

At 2200 hours Force H reversed course and set course for Gibraltar .

11th At 1930 hours Force H arrived back at Gibraltar.

14th Dry-docked in No. 1 dock.

31st At 1300 hours Force H sailed from Gibraltar on Operations PICKET (air attack on Lake Omodeo Dam,

central Sardinia) and RESULT (the bombardment of Genoa). The Force was divided into 4 groups:

Group 1: HM Battleship MALAYA, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL

Group 2: HM Destroyers FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FORESIGHT, FOXHOUND, FURY and JERSEY.

Group 3: HM Destroyers DUNCAN, ENCOUNTER, ISIS and JUPITER.

Group 4: RFA ORANGELEAF escorted by HM Trawlers ARTIC RANGER and HAARLEM.

2nd At 0530 hours, 8 torpedo armed Swordfish took off from HMS ARK ROYAL to carry out an air strike

against the Santa Chiara d Ula dam on Lake Omodeo, central Sardinia (Operation PICKET). Due to the

bad weather only 4 aircraft reached the dam where they met an intense barrage. One aircraft was

(Note: Intended bombardment of Genoa (Operation RESULT) was cancelled due to bad weather.)

4th En route to Gibraltar all ships carried out a practice shoot. At 1800 hours Force H arrived back at

6th At 1615 hours Force H sailed from Gibraltar on Operation RESULT (The bombardment of Genoa ). los

Force was divided into three groups:

Group 1: HM Battleship MALAYA, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL

Group 2: HM Destroyers FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FORESIGHT, FOXHOUND, FURY and JERSEY.

Group 3: HM Destroyers DUNCAN, ENCOUNTER, ISIS and JUPITER.

9th At 0400 hours Ark Royal and 4 destroyers detached to carry out an air strike against the Azienda oil

Between 0715 and 0745 hours, 10 miles off the Italian coast, carried out bombardment of Genoa with

RENOWN and SHEFFIELD. The two Walrus aircraft from SHEFFIELD carried out fall of shot

observaciones. The three ships fired 273 rounds of 15in, 782 rounds of 6in and 400 rounds of 4.5in. los

result was 28 civil vessels sunk or damaged and harbour installations destroyed and damaged.

At 0845 hours the ARK ROYAL Force rejoined and Force H made at best speed, which at one point

was only 17 knots, the best MALAYA could make, for Gibraltar.

11th At 1430 hours Force H arrived back at Gibraltar.

On return to Gibraltar nominated for deployment in Atlantic to cover UK - Gibraltar convoys.

17th Sailed from Gibraltar to R/V with convoy WS6A.

19th Off the Azores joined military convoy WS6A as Ocean Escort, following which Force H detached and

28th At 0800 hours convoy WS6A was joined by HM Destroyers FAULKNOR and FORESTER.

At 1815 hours in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER detached from WS6A, proceeded ahead

1st At 1600 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, arrived at Freetown. They immediately

At 1705 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, sailed from Freetown to catch up

3rd At 1500 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, joined AMC CILICIA, HM Corvette

ASPHODEL and HM Trawlers KELT, SPANIARD and TURCOMAN escorting convoy SL67.

4th KELT, SPANIARD and TURCOMAN detached from SL67.

7th German battlecruisers SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU found convoy SL67, but on finding

MALAYA was part of the escort, they hauled off and made a R/V with U.124.

(Note: none of the escorts of SL67 observed the German ships)

At the meeting between the battlecruisers and U.124 a plan was drawn up for U.124 and U.105 to

attack SL67 and try to sink or damage MALAYA .

During the afternoon MALAYA refuelled FAULKNOR, FORESTER and ASPHODEL.

8th Between 0251 and 0256 hours, 5 merchants in the convoy were torpedoed and sunk by U.105 and

At 1330 hours 130 miles off Cape Blanco FORESTER, which was well to the west of the convoy, briefly

sighted SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU steaming towards the convoy. The German ships were also

sighted at the same time by MALAYA S patrolling Swordfish. Following the sightings MALAYA and

FAULKNOR hauled out of the convoy to join FORESTER, and to put themselves between the convoy

At 1645 hours MALAYA and SCHARNHORST sighted each other.

At 1648 hours SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU turned away and after a brief pursuit MALAYA (At

least 10 knots slower than the German ships) and her consorts returned to the convoy.

At 1900 hours they rejoined the convoy

10th At 1500 hours HM Battlecruiser REPULSE, HM Aircraft Carrier FURIOUS and Destroyers DUNCAN

and FOXHOUND took over the escort of the SL67, and MALAYA, FAULKNOR and FORESTER

12th Arrived at Gibraltar .

13th Sailed from Gibraltar escorted by HM Destroyer WISHART.

15th In company with WISHART joined AMC CANTON and HM Corvettes CALENDULA, CROCUS and

MARGUERITE escorting convoy SL68.

20th At 2323 hours 250 miles NNW of Cape Verde Islands, SL68 came under submarine attack. MALAYA

was hit by a torpedo from U.106. The hit the port side caused damage in the boiler room and the ship

had a 7 list. There were no casualties. MALAYA detached from SL68, escorted by CROCUS,

set course for Port of Spain, Trinidad.

23rd CROCUS detached and returned to Freetown.

29th Arrived at Port of Spain, Trinidad.where temporary repairs were carried out.

(For details see HITLER S U-BOAT WAR by C Blair.)

On completion took passage to New York for repair.

6th Arrived at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and taken in hand for repair. She was the first RN vessel to

be repaired/refitted in the USA in World War 2,

Preparation for installation of fire-control and air warning radar carried out.

Some of ship's company transferred to Ex US Coastguard Cutters being lent to the Royal Navy.

(First 4 Coastguard Cutters, BANFF , CULVER, FISHGUARD and HARTLAND were handed over on

30/4/41 and Captain A.F.E. Pallister DSO RN the CO of MALAYA accepted the cutters on behalf of the

May to July Under repair and refit in New York .

A and A work completed including fit of air warning Radar Type 281, Fire control radars Types 282 for

Close range armament, Type 284 for Main armament and Type 285 for HA armament.

. Eleven single 20mm Oerlikon guns were fitted for close range AA defence.

(For details of development and use of radar by RN see RADAR AT SEA by D Howse.)

(Note: One source records fitting of Radar Type 291 to provide warning of the approach of surface

ships, aircraft and land. This equipment was a Naval designed outfit intended to replace earlier RAF

equipment modified for shipboard use, Type 286. This was never satisfactory and replaced in 1943

by centimetric radar, Type 273. See below.)

September On completion prepared for operational service.

Four additional 20mm Oerlikon guns fitted.

Nominated for transfer to Force H

20th At 1030 hours sailed from Scapa Flow for the Clyde escorted by HM Destroyers BEDOUIN and

At 1530 hours off Tiumpan Head HM Destroyers LAFOREY and LIGHTNING joined, and BEDOUIN

and PUNJABI detached and returned to Scapa Flow .

Off Stornoway LAFOREY detached and landed a sick crew member at Stornoway.

At 1700 hours LAFOREY sailed and rejoined MALAYA .

21st Arrived in the Clyde .

22nd Sailed from the Clyde escorted by LIGHTNING. En route HM Destroyers HAVELOCK and

24th 575 miles west of Ushant HM Destroyers SIKH and ZULU joined and HAVELOCK and HARVESTER

27th Arrived at Gibraltar with LIGHTNING, SIKH and ZULU. On entering Harbour she was in collision with

merchant ships MV HOEGH HOOD, 9356 tons and MV CLAN MACDONALD, 9656 tons, sustaining

slight damage to her forecastle.

November At Gibraltar, MALAYA became the Flagship of Force H.

(The CinC Force H, Admiral Sir James Somerville was most unhappy with MALAYA as his Flagship

which he believed to be most unsuitable)

10th At 0235 hours sailed from Gibraltar in company with HM Cruiser HERMIONE to cover the delivery of

Hurricane aircraft by HMS ARK ROYAL and HMS ARGUS to Malta, screened by HM Destroyers

LAFOREY, LIGHTNING, SIKH, LEGION, ZULU, GURKHA and Dutch destroyer ISAAC SWEERS.

12th By 1100 hours, 37 Hurricanes had been flown off from ARK ROYAL and ARGUS, following

which the Force turned west and headed back to Gibraltar .

13th At 1541 hours, 30 miles from Gibraltar during the return passage under attack by U.81 which fired four

torpedoes. One hit HMS ARK ROYAL which sank on 14th when under tow to Gibraltar.

(See HITLERS U-BOAT WAR by C Blair and Naval Staff History.)

Escorted to Gibraltar by HM Destroyers SIKH, ZULU and ISAAC SWEERS, after HMS ARK ROYAL

At 1622 hours ZULU was detached to return to assist ARK ROYAL.

At 1830 hours arrived back at Gibraltar.

(On arrival at Gibraltar the CinC immediately transferred to SIKH and returned at high speed to the

December Deployed with Force H at Gibraltar for Atlantic trade defence

(Note: This ship was the only operational battleship in the Mediterranean as HMS QUEEN

ELIZABETH and HMS VALIANT had been disabled at Alexandria on 19/12/41 by frogmen.

Force H deployment in continuation.

14th The new CinC Force H, Rear Admiral E.N. Syfret raised his flag in MALAYA.

February Deployed in Atlantic for convoy defence.

8th Sailed from Gibraltar for the Clyde in company with HM Cruiser HERMIONE, HM Destroyers ACTIVE,

ANTHONY, BLANKNEY, CROOME, EXMOOR, LAFOREY and LIGHTNING.

(Force H were ordered to the UK because the Admiralty were aware that the German Battlecruisers

SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU, then at Brest , were preparing to sail and about to breakout into the

Atlántico. With troop convoy WS16, with over 45000 troops embarked, about to sail, Force H was to

provide escort in the North Atlantic)

13th Arrived in the Clyde .

17th At 0030 hours sailed from the Clyde in company with HM Aircraft Carriers EAGLE and FORMIDABLE

(Flying the Flag of the new CinC Eastern Fleet, Admiral Sir James Somerville), HM Cruiser HERMIONE,

HM Destroyers DUNCAN, LAFOREY and LIGHTNING.

At 0900 hours north west of Inishtrahull the three sections, Bristol Channel, Liverpool and Clyde,

of military convoy WS 16 formed up, escorted by HM Destroyers ACTIVE, ANTHONY, BLANKNEY,

CROOME, FIREDRAKE, PANTHER, VERITY, WALKER AND WITHERINGTON. WS16 was then

joined by the MALAYA ocean escort Force.

20th During the morning ANTHONY detached with condenser problems.

At 1800 hours 480 miles north of Sao Miguel in the Azores, PANTHER detached to refuel at Ponta

21st During the morning CROOME detached for Gibraltar.

At 1330 hours the delayed SS STRATHAIRD escorted by HM Cruiser NEWCASTLE and PALADIN

At 1430 hours, detached from WS16 for Gibraltar in company with ACTIVE, BLANKNEY, DUNCAN ,

23rd Arrived back at Gibraltar and resumed duties with Force H.

27th At 0320 hours sailed from Gibraltar as part of Force H with HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE and five

destroyers and sailed east towards Malta on Operation SPOTTER. At sea they were joined by HM

Cruiser HERMIONE, HM Aircraft Carrier ARGUS and their screen of 4 destroyers this section of Force

H had sailed from Gibraltar at 1830/26/2/42 and initially sailed west into the Atlantic . The destroyers

screening the Force were ACTIVE, ANTHONY, BLANKNEY, CROOME, LAFOREY, LIGHTNING,

WHITEHALL and WISHART. (Operation SPOTTER was the delivery of Spitfire aircraft to Malta)

28th Operation cancelled due to problems with aircrafts long range fuel tanks and returned to Gibraltar .

6th Covered for repeat Malta aircraft delivery by HMS ARGUS and HMS EAGLE with same ships

(Operation SPOTTER II). This operation delivered 15 Spitfires to Malta the first Spitfires to reach

21st Covered aircraft delivery by HMS ARGUS and HMS EAGLE with HMS HERMIONE and Fleet

destroyers of Force H (Operation PICKET I). Operation cancelled due to problems with aircrafts long

range fuel tanks and returned to Gibraltar.

27th Repeated aircraft delivery with same ships (Operation PICKET II). 16 Spitfires delivered.

30th Returned to Gibraltar .

Nominated for detached service in support of planned landings in Madagascar

1st Sailed from Gibraltar with HMS Cruiser HERMIONE, screened by HM Destroyers ACTIVE,

ANTHONY, LAFOREY, LIGHTNING and DUNCAN.

6th Arrived at Freetown a few hours behind convoy WS17.

9th Sailed from Freetown in company with HMS HERMIONE, and HM Destroyers ACTIVE, ANTHONY,

INCONSTANT, JAVELIN, LAFOREY, LOOKOUT, LIGHTNING, PACKENHAM as Ocean Escort for

military Convoy WS17A during passage to Capetown. At Freetown, convoy WS 17 had split into two,

WS17A and WS17B, which sailed on 11/4/42).

18th Off Capetown detached from WS17A and put into Capetown. She was ordered to return to Freetown .

Then took return passage to rejoin Force H at Gibraltar

Passage to Gibraltar and rejoined Force H on arrival.

Deployed at Gibraltar with Force H

11th Sailed from Gibraltar as part of Force W for escort of Malta relief convoy GM4 as far as Skerki Channel

in company with HMS EAGLE, HMS ARGUS, HM Cruisers KENYA, LIVERPOOL and CHARYBDIS,

screened by HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, ICARUS, ONSLOW, ESCAPADE, VIDETTE, WESTCOTT,

(This was Operation HARPOON - For details see ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by Corelli

Barnett, THE BATTLE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN by D. MacIntyre and Naval Staff History.)

(Note: This convoy had been designated WS19Z during passage to Gibraltar from UK.)

12th At 0800 hours to the east of Force W took up their covering position for the passage of convoy

GM4. The close escort of the convoy was provided by Force X.

14th At 1030 hours, south of Sardinia the convoy came under air attack from Italian CR42 fighter bombers,

which concentrated on ARGUS, and later by a combination of SM79 torpedo bombers and Z1007 high

level bombers. In this attack LIVERPOOL was torpedoed and taken under tow by ANTELOPE escorted

At 1820 hours the convoy came under attack from JU88 s. In this attack ARGUS was near missed by a

bomb exploding near her bow.

At 2000 hours, the convoy came under a combined attack from German and Italian aircraft.

At 2130 hours, Force W detached from GM4 at entrance to Sicilian Narrows and returned westwards to

await return of the close escort, after the arrival of the convoy in Malta.

16th Detached from Force W with HMS ARGUS, HM Destroyers ESCAPADE, VIDETTE, WISHART and

(Note: This was due to late departure from Malta of the close escort).

17th Arrived at Gibraltar with detached ships of Force W.

24th Sailed from Gibraltar screened by HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, VIDETTE and WISHART to R/V with

military convoy WS20, and provide cover during Atlantic passage from Clyde to Freetown.

26th At 0800 hours 120 miles east of Sao Miguel with ANTELOPE, VIDETTE and WISHART, joined HM

Destroyers BEAGLE, ST ALBANS , VIDETTE and WOLVERINE escorting convoy WS20, to provide

Shortly after joining, ANTELOPE, BEAGLE, VIDETTE, WISHART and WOLVERINE detached,

escorting troopship SS NARKUNDA for Gibraltar.

Later ST ALBANS detached to join convoy SL 113.

In the evening HM Destroyers BLACKMORE and BRILLIANT from Freetown, joined convoy WS20.

27th At 1215 hours 240 miles west of Madeira, a lookout on the Commodore s ship, SS STRATHEDEN,

sighted two vessels at extreme visibility. MALAYA launched her two Walrus aircraft and

BRILLIANT detached to investigate, but nothing was found.

28th At 0600 hours 180 miles west of the Canaries, Destroyer VIMY from Freetown joined convoy WS20.

1st At 0800 hours south of the Cape Verde Islands, HM Destroyers BOREAS, VELOX and WIVERN from

Freetown joined convoy WS20.

2nd At 1200 hours convoy WS20 and escort arrived at Freetown.

6th At 1100 hours convoy WS20 commenced to depart from Freetown escorted by HM Destroyers

BLACKMORE, BOREAS, BRILLIANT, VELOX and WIVERN. MALAYA sailed as Ocean Escort.

7th AT 1200 hours, BLACKMORE escorting the SS BATORY, detached from WS20 for Takoradi.

Later BLACKMORE re-joined, and BOREAS and VELOX detached for Freetown.

17th At 0800 hours 95 miles north west of Cape Columbine, HM Cruiser SHROPSHIRE joined WS 20 from

Simonstown and MALAYA escorted by BLACKMORE detached from WS20 with 11 mercantiles from

the convoy destined for Capetown into harbour.

Took passage to Gibraltar to rejoin Force H

August Deployed at Gibraltar with Force H.

Nominated for return to UK for refit.

September Passage to UK escorted by HM Destroyer LOOKOUT.

Under refit at HM Dockyard Rosyth.

Aircraft facilities removed and additional two 4in mountings fitted abreast

the catapult position (P & S). Surface warning radar Type 273 fitted.

(Note: Close range AA armament increased by addition of two multiple

pom pom guns on sponsons aft and two more 20mm Oerlikon guns.

January Worked up for service with Home Fleet. Two more 20mm Oerlikon guns fitted.

(At the end of January Admiral Donitz was appointed CinC of the German Navy. The change of CinC led

the Admiralty to prepare against the possibility of a more active policy by German surface ships to back

up the U-boat campaign. Therefore it was decided that MALAYA should be retained in the Atlantic

instead of being deployed to join the Eastern Fleet.)

February Deployed with Home Fleet for convoy defence in NW Approaches.

25th At 0300 hours sailed from the Clyde escorted by HM Destroyers QUEENBOROUGH and QUAIL to join

joint military convoy WS27/KMF10A as ocean escort. (WS27 was destined for the Middle East and

Convoy KMF10A for North Africa).

At 1000 hours the Clyde and Liverpool (escorted by HM Destroyer RAIDER) sections of the convoy

formed up 6 miles west of Orsay. There the convoy was joined by the ocean escort and the 44th EG of

EGRET, ERNE, FISHGUARD, CLARE and WOLVERINE from Londonderry .

1st At 1100 hours 70 miles SW of Cape St Vincent, QUEENBROUGH and WOLVERINE detached for

At 1800 hours QUADRANT joined the escort.

2nd At 1100 hours 200 miles SW of Cape St Vincent, the convoy split. KMF10A detached for passage

into the Mediterranean. Remained with WS27 in company with QUADRANT, QUAIL and RAIDER.

3rd At 0800 hours 80 miles west of Cape Ghir, QUEENBROUGH and WOLVERINE rejoined.

5th At 1800 hours off Dakar, QUAIL, escorting SS ALMANZORA, detached for Dakar .

6th QUAIL, after escorting SS ALMANZORA rejoined WS27.

8th At 0930 hours MALAYA , as ocean escort, led WS27 into Freetown .

Passage from Freetown to rejoin Home Fleet at Scapa Flow.

26th Arrived at Scapa Flow and resumed Home Fleet service.

May to June Deployment at Scapa Flow in continuation.

7th Deployed with HM Battleship ANSON, US Navy battleships USS ALABAMA and USS SOUTH

DAKOTA, HM Aircraft Carrier FURIOUS and seven cruisers screened by eight RN and five USN

destroyers for diversionary operation off Norwegian coast.

(Operation CAMERA Convoy of miscellaneous ships was deployed to represent a possible assault

force on passage to Norway during the planned landings in Sicily.)

9th On completion of simulated approaches to coast. took passage to return to Scapa Flow.

27th Deployed with HMS ANSON, HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS and UNICORN during air

operations as part of further diversionary operation off Norway.

29th Return passage to Scapa Flow .

(Note: Neither diversionary operation met concentrated air attacks since German aircraft based in

Norway had been used to reinforce defence against allied operations in the Mediterranean.)

August Paid off into Reserve at Faslane because of machinery state which limited

capability for Fleet operations.

September Reducing to Reserve status

Under refit, with 6in armament removed and 20 additional 20mm Oerlikons fitted.

Held in Reserve at Faslane on completion.

January Remained in Reserve at Faslane.

February Nominated for bombardment duty in support of operations in NW Europe.

Damaged whilst in use as target for 'bouncing bomb' trial in Loch Long.

Under refit. Radar Type 281 replaced by single aerial variant Type 281B.

Radar Type 273 replaced by modern Type 277, AA armament again increased by eight 20mm Oerlikon

guns to a total of 45. Radio Jamming equipment fitted as protection from attack by glider bombs which

had wireless guidance control.

22nd Re-commissioned for bombardment duty.

Took passage to Portsmouth

July Held in Reserve at Portsmouth for replacement of bombardment ship.

August Remained at Portsmouth.

1st Bombarded positions on Ile de Cezembre, off St. Malo.

Returned to Portsmouth on release from bombardment duties.

October Paid off into Reserve at Faslane.

January to April Remained in Reserve at Faslane.

May Nominated for duty as an accommodation and training ship.

15th Commissioned as HMS VERNON II at Portsmouth for Torpedo School duties.

(Note: Main armament and secondary armament with close range weapons

had been removed prior to this duty.)

June to August Duty as HMS VERNON II

HMS MALAYA was placed on the Disposal List in 1947 and sold to BISCO on 20th February 1948 . The ship arrived at Faslane in tow on 12th April that year to be broken up by Metal Industries.

CONVOY ESCORT MOVEMENTS of HMS MALAYA

These convoy lists have not been cross-checked with the text above


Destroyers

Destroyers were the lightest warships to fight at Jutland. Versatile light warships, they were used for patrolling and raiding, as well as to screen battle fleets during major actions. Destroyers were the fastest class of warship, but were unarmoured and vulnerable to gun fire. Though carrying only small guns, their armament included torpedoes that could cripple or even sink big ships. Seventy-nine British destroyers took part in the Battle of Jutland and eight were sunk. From four of the sunken destroyers, 173 British sailors were rescued by the German navy and taken prisoner.

This is a model of the destroyer HMS Tiburón.

At Jutland, Tiburón was part of the 3rd Battlecruiser Squadron, a force of three battlecruisers, the light cruisers Chester y Canterbury, and three other destroyers. Durante la batalla, Tiburón became entangled in a close-range and chaotic fight between British and German. Tiburón was hit repeatedly. One shell destroyed the ship's bridge and steering gear and another disabled the ship's engines, leaving the ship adrift.

Two of Tiburón's guns were knocked out, their crews killed. Leaving the shattered bridge, Tiburón's wounded captain, Commander Loftus Jones, helped man the only remaining gun. Firing on nearby German ships, Jones and his men hit the German destroyer V48, disabling the ship. As German destroyers closed in, Jones ordered his men to don lifebelts. Hit by a torpedo, Tiburón sank. Thirty of Shark's crew were able to board rafts, but many died of wounds or exposure, including Jones. Only six survived to be rescued by a neutral Danish steamer late at night.

Commander Jones' body washed ashore in Sweden a few days later. In 1917, in recognition of his leadership, Jones was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross


HMS Malaya

Post por Mark McShane » 20 Apr 2009, 17:11

Quick question, what spotter planes was HMS Malaya carrying around March 1941? (The aircraft that spotted Scharnhorst & Gneisenau)

Re: HMS Malaya

Post por mescal » 20 Apr 2009, 18:37

It was a Swordfish floatplane.

Re: HMS Malaya

Post por Mark McShane » 20 Apr 2009, 20:36

That was the first reference I read too about the incident. Have also read that it was a Walrus plane. Hence my confusion and the question.

Re: HMS Malaya

Post por Andy H » 23 Apr 2009, 00:33

That was the first reference I read too about the incident. Have also read that it was a Walrus plane. Hence my confusion and the question.

The Fairey Swordfish was flown by Lt G R Brown (Pilot), Sub-Lt R G Drake (Observer) and R H George (Gunner).

After spotting the German ships and seeing them safely off, the convoy that the Malaya was protecting was attacked by several U Boats, and she was hit by 2 torps. The ship did not sink and made its way to NY. However the ship was unable to rcover its Swordfish so Brown ditched the plane. His SOS was picked up in Spain and he and his crew were picked up Cabo de Buena Esperanza. The Capt also salvaged the plane(!).

Source: The Swordfish Story by Ray Stutivant and published by Cassell 2000


HMS Malaya - History

When I was a small kid, I always playing with my friends near a jungle behind my house in Kota Bharu. I remember seeing some twisted metal with rivets on the ground. After many years I returned to the scene and was told by the old villagers nearby that the metal was a plane falling from the sky in Japanese occupation period. Then they told me there was another plane falling in flames and crashed near Kelantan river but I was told it was happened a few years after the war started. I felt so confused because most of the air battle of World War 2 In Malaya was fought only at the beginning of the. I drove to the village they mentioned and managed to find a witness (a Tok Imam), who confirmed that a few years after the war started, one day there was a Japanese twin engines plane falling from the sky trailing flames and black smokes. The pilot tried to ditch on Kelantan River but he hit a coconut tree and the plane exploded. The Japanese soldiers then came and took the bodies of two aircrews and cleared the wreckages.

I started to do my research on the air war at the latter (later) part of World War 2 in Malaya and find out that I totally missed out &lsquoThe Forgotten Air War Of Malaya&rsquo.

After the beginning of the World War 2 in December 1941, The Japanese fought the Allied from Malaya to Singapore with fighter and bomber like Oscar, Zero, Tojo, Betty, Nell, Sonia and the greatest success was the sinking of HMS Prince Of Wales and HMS Repulse in Kuantan water solely with the use of airpower on 10 Dec 1941. After the Japanese wining the air superiority in Malaya, they were flying at will to attack any target in Malaya and Singapore. The pilots and aircrews were best trained and they even created a &lsquobomber alley&rsquo between Singapore to Sumatra to sink many ships, which evacuated the refugees from Singapore.

The air activities slowed down after Singapore surrendered. The routine air activities were limited to patrolling and others minor air operations. The Strait of Malacca was actually a graveyard for Allied submarines because their air-search radar was blocked by the hills of Sumatra and Titiwangsa range. In one patrol, the USS Grenadier was badly damaged by few Japanese planes and the submarine have to be scuttled and the crews were taken Prisoner OF War in Light Street Convent, Penang.

I met up with some great local historians like Mr. Sager and Mr. Ahamd Shaharom and we worked to put back some missing puzzle of our Malaya history. Then I found out that even the famous Boeing B-29 bomber had come to bomb some targets in Malaya (including Singapore) in 1944 and 1945.

In 1998, an American visited Malaysia with his father diary and he contacted one of our team members Mr Sager Ahmad and told that his father bailed out from a B-29 bomber in Negeri Sembilan during World War 2. Mr. Sager met the son of the aircrew from the famous B-29 bomber &lsquoPostville Express&rsquo which crashed in Rembau and they visited the crash site together. Mr.Shaharom later took some pictures to put it in our website, Malaya Historical Group (MHG).

The mission which B-29 bombers carried out in Malaya and Singapore are as follows:

Other Aerial Missions
Beside the B-29 air war, most of the aircraft flew into Malaya were on secret agent dropping or clandestine mission,air-drop Force 136 commandos into the jungle of Malaya to pave the way for an effective guerilla counter-attack on the Japanese occupying forces and also on aerial recon&rsquos missions. The aircraft used were B-24 Liberator or PB4Y Privateer becayse of their long-range capability. One known RCAF B-24 with &lsquoSNAKE&rsquo word stenciled on its fuselage crashed in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan after dropping agent -one Tuan Pena. (Tan Sri Sir Claude Harry Fenner, a member of Force 136, who later became the country's first Inspector-General of Police.) Another B-24 was shot down by Japanese fighters from Alor Setar and crashed near Siam border while on a clandestine mission. Villagers and guerillas rescued the survivors and some brave Thai pilots smuggled them to Allied hands using Japanese bombers! Another B-24 bomber, which was on a supply-dropping mission, was lost near Kuala Nerang, Kedah. In June 1945, two PB4Y flew to Singapore on recon mission and were fired on by anti-aircraft fire and nearly a dozen of Japanese fighters. One fighter managed to score a hit on the No 3 engine of one of the PB4Y causing the engine to burst into flames and lose altitude. The PB4Y was forced to ditch on the sea and no news were heard from the crews ever since. Mr. Shaharom managed to find the answer to the twin engines fighter crashed near the Kelantan River, which I mentioned earlier. It was a Ki-46 Dinah fighter, which climbed from Kota Bharu airfield to intercept a PB4Y Privateer, but the Privateer gunners damaged the Dinah and the Japanese pilot headed it back to Kota Bharu and crashed. Few months before the war ended, the British also send out a Grumman Hellcat fighter from a carrier to Kuala Lumpur on a recon mission but the Hellcat was missing 10 miles from Port Klang with the pilot.

End of the War
When the Japanese surrendered, some British B-24 and two-crews mosquito bombers flew over Malaya cities to access the situation and dropping leaflets. One mosquito bomber developed engine problems and force landed on Japanese held Sungai Besi aerodrome. The Japanese soldiers in the aerodrome provided help and supports to the aircrews until another mosquito bomber searching for the missing plane arrived. The four mosquito crews were surprised when the Japanese soldiers in the base tried to surrender themselves to them!

This is the &lsquoForgotten Air War Of Malaya&rsquo I knew so far. I hope my team members and I can completely putting all the missing puzzles of the Malaya War History so that our younger generations can learn and appreciate the contribution and scarifies of the forgotten warriors, which contribute to the peace and happiness we enjoyed nowadays.


Ki-43 of the 77th Sentai
serving in Malaya


Fighter presented
to children


Malaya children
with Japanese flags


Painting of B-24 attacking Malaya


Ver el vídeo: HMS Queen Elizabeth ship tour (Diciembre 2021).